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Vishal Nayyer v/s Cholamandlam Investment & Finance Company Limited


Company & Directors' Information:- O D FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65100DL1992PTC049848

Company & Directors' Information:- P V T INVESTMENT LIMITED [Amalgamated] CIN = U74899DL1988PLC121600

Company & Directors' Information:- O D FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1992PTC049848

Company & Directors' Information:- P V T INVESTMENT LTD [Not available for efiling] CIN = U67120PB1988PLC008068

Company & Directors' Information:- VISHAL CORPORATION LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74992DL2011PLC224094

Company & Directors' Information:- S T INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Amalgamated] CIN = U65993WB1990PTC050032

Company & Directors' Information:- H. L. INVESTMENT COMPANY LIMITED [Amalgamated] CIN = U65990WB1975PLC128186

Company & Directors' Information:- B P N INVESTMENT AND FINANCE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65910MP2007PLC020010

Company & Directors' Information:- M M INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP] CIN = U65921CT2008PTC020533

Company & Directors' Information:- G. N. G. INVESTMENT LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65910GJ1981PLC004128

Company & Directors' Information:- A S G S INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74120DL2008PTC173938

Company & Directors' Information:- M F I FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65910KA2005PTC036263

Company & Directors' Information:- A F I FINANCE & INVESTMENT LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65923WB2003PLC097328

Company & Directors' Information:- G L INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U65993WB1991PTC051072

Company & Directors' Information:- C & C INVESTMENT LTD [Active] CIN = U67120AS1976PLC001654

Company & Directors' Information:- S M S INVESTMENT CORPORATION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1963PTC003988

Company & Directors' Information:- V R V INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U67120WB1985PTC039793

Company & Directors' Information:- S P INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U70109WB1961PTC025099

Company & Directors' Information:- L D K FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65921DL1996PTC081013

Company & Directors' Information:- R H INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U99999MH1978PTC020633

Company & Directors' Information:- VISHAL INDIA LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74900MP1989PLC005475

Company & Directors' Information:- T N B INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1986PTC025590

Company & Directors' Information:- A R S INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U65993WB1990PTC048513

Company & Directors' Information:- V P INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1983PTC015714

Company & Directors' Information:- S M D INVESTMENT LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65993TN1995PLC033139

Company & Directors' Information:- G R D INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Amalgamated] CIN = U67120WB1980PTC032727

Company & Directors' Information:- C AND N INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1983PTC015710

Company & Directors' Information:- R INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65993TZ1988PTC002181

Company & Directors' Information:- H N G L INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1995PTC066774

Company & Directors' Information:- K M S INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U67120UP1993PTC015287

Company & Directors' Information:- U M INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U70101WB1979PTC032160

Company & Directors' Information:- A S T INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U67120DL1996PTC082812

Company & Directors' Information:- VISHAL PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U24117KA1979PTC003483

Company & Directors' Information:- B N E INVESTMENT LTD [Not available for efiling] CIN = U67120WB1974PLC029360

Company & Directors' Information:- K S J INVESTMENT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC061335

Company & Directors' Information:- M G FINANCE AND INVESTMENT LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U67120UP1992PLC014845

Company & Directors' Information:- S N B FINANCE & INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U01100WB1995PTC075944

Company & Directors' Information:- P T INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65999WB1995PTC067065

Company & Directors' Information:- K. S. R. INVESTMENT LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65992UP1988PLC010253

Company & Directors' Information:- THE INVESTMENT & FINANCE CO LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65991WB1896PLC001116

Company & Directors' Information:- J T INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65923WB1979PTC032344

Company & Directors' Information:- R K INVESTMENT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65993WB1969PLC027398

Company & Directors' Information:- N M G C INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1982PTC014603

Company & Directors' Information:- S P INVESTMENT AND FINANCE COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65990MH1998PTC116516

Company & Directors' Information:- M AND M FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PVT. LTD. [Strike Off] CIN = U65910UP1994PTC017345

Company & Directors' Information:- M S H FINANCE & INVESTMENT LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65921WB1997PLC085377

Company & Directors' Information:- K A S FINANCE & INVESTMENT LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U67120TZ2015PLC021226

Company & Directors' Information:- T M INVESTMENT CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U67120WB1971PTC028172

Company & Directors' Information:- S. A. F. INVESTMENT LIMITED [Active] CIN = U67120DL1997PLC088611

Company & Directors' Information:- H K (INVESTMENT) COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65990GJ1950PTC000511

Company & Directors' Information:- P N INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Under Liquidation] CIN = U65910GJ1988PTC010715

Company & Directors' Information:- K. C. FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U67120JK1983PTC000589

Company & Directors' Information:- INVESTMENT CORPORATION LIMITED [Under Liquidation] CIN = U65993KL1942PLC000449

Company & Directors' Information:- B R S FINANCE AND INVESTMENT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1981PTC012845

Company & Directors' Information:- S R M INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U67120WB1979PTC031888

Company & Directors' Information:- A TO Z INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Dissolved] CIN = U67120WB1988PTC044464

Company & Directors' Information:- R J INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U67120MH1976PTC018954

Company & Directors' Information:- B N K INVESTMENT CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U65993WB1971PTC028169

Company & Directors' Information:- A D INVESTMENT CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U67120WB1971PTC028170

Company & Directors' Information:- R K S K FINANCE AND INVESTMENT COMPANY LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65910UP1994PLC016853

Company & Directors' Information:- S. K. M. FINANCE AND INVESTMENT COMPANY LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65910UP1994PLC016971

Company & Directors' Information:- G S M FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PVT LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65921PB1993PTC013037

Company & Directors' Information:- T D INVESTMENT CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65921CH1987PTC007637

Company & Directors' Information:- S U FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65910UP1994PTC016878

Company & Directors' Information:- C G K INVESTMENT P LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65910AP1986PTC006088

Company & Directors' Information:- L D INVESTMENT COMPANY PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65921HP1988PTC008425

Company & Directors' Information:- G K INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65993TZ1987PTC001919

Company & Directors' Information:- G V INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65993TZ1987PTC001920

Company & Directors' Information:- B C K H INVESTMENT CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U67120MH1982PTC026819

Company & Directors' Information:- H V INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U67120MH1997PTC107686

Company & Directors' Information:- M L INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U67120WB1979PTC032180

Company & Directors' Information:- S & G INVESTMENT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65100DL2012PTC244271

Company & Directors' Information:- D M P FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U67190GJ2020PTC117201

Company & Directors' Information:- K T FINANCE AND INVESTMENT INDIA LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65921PB1988PLC008869

Company & Directors' Information:- S B INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Liquidated] CIN = U99999RJ1959PTC001090

Company & Directors' Information:- R AND P INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U67120PB1995PTC016124

Company & Directors' Information:- E R FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65921PB1988PTC008492

Company & Directors' Information:- G M S FINANCE AND INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65900DL1983PTC015133

Company & Directors' Information:- M H K FINANCE AND INVESTMENT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65993UP1983PTC005968

Company & Directors' Information:- M M B INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65993RJ1996PTC012698

Company & Directors' Information:- M G A INVESTMENT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U99999MH1980PTC022406

Company & Directors' Information:- D S N INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65993TG1988PTC008554

Company & Directors' Information:- INVESTMENT & FINANCE CORPN. PRIVATE LIMITED [Amalgamated] CIN = U65991TN1943PTC000926

Company & Directors' Information:- V. I INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U67120HR1988PTC030206

Company & Directors' Information:- R J P INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65993GJ1981PTC004678

Company & Directors' Information:- D D P INVESTMENT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65910GJ1981PTC004695

Company & Directors' Information:- C J P INVESTMENT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U99999GJ1981PTC004662

Company & Directors' Information:- M P INVESTMENT CO PRIVATE LIMITED [Under Process of Striking Off] CIN = U65993KA1974PTC002646

Company & Directors' Information:- INVESTMENT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Dissolved] CIN = U65990KL1946PTC000461

Company & Directors' Information:- INVESTMENT CORPORATION LIMITED [Not available for efiling] CIN = U99999MH1943PLC007730

    CRM-M No. 17053 of 2014

    Decided On, 29 November 2020

    At, High Court of Punjab and Haryana

    By, THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE HARNARESH SINGH GILL

    For the Appearing Parties: Rishu Mahajan, Puja Chopra, Advocates.



Judgment Text

1. The petitioner has filed this petition under Section 482 Cr.P.C. for quashing of complaint No.17536 dated 04.09.2013 (Annexure P-1) and the summoning order dated 04.09.2013 (Annexure P-2) passed by the learned Judicial Magistrate Ist Class, Amritsar.

2. In the present petition, the matter relates to the maintainability/jurisdiction of complaint under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act (for brevity, 'N.I.Act'), titled as 'Cholamandlam Investment & Finance Company Ltd. Vs. Vishal Nayyer', instituted on 04.09.2013, filed by the respondent-complainant against the petitioner-accused.

3. Now during the pendency of the complaint and the present petition, amended provision of the Negotiable Instruments Act Ordinance 2015, came into force on 15.01.2015 and as per the same, the complaint is to be presented where the account is being maintained. For ready reference, relevant amendment in Section 142 of the N.I.Act is being extracted hereunder:

"3. In the principal Act, Section 142 shall be numbered as sub-section (1) thereof and after sub-section (1) as so numbered, the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:-

(2) The offence under Section 138 shall be inquired into and tried only by a court within whose local jurisdiction:-

(a) if the cheque is delivered for collection through an account, the branch of the bank where the payee or holder in due course, as the case may be, maintains the account, is situated; or

(b) if the cheque is presented for payment by the payee or holder in due course otherwise through an account, the branch of the drawee bank where the drawer maintains the account, is situated.

Explanation:- For the purposes of clause (a), where a cheque is delivered for collection at any branch of the bank of the payee or holder in due course, then, the cheque shall be deemed to have been delivered to the branch of the bank in which the payee or holder in due course, as the case may be, maintains the account."

4. A perusal of the aforesaid provision transpires that after issuance of the Ordinance, 2015, offence under Section 138 of the N.I.Act shall be inquired into and tried only by a Court within whose local jurisdiction; if the cheque is delivered for collection through an account, the branch of the bank where the payee or holder in due course, as the case may be, maintains the account, is situated or if the cheque is presented for payment by the payee or holder in due course otherwise through an account, the branch of drawee bank where the drawer maintains the account, is situated.

5. It is the case of the respondent/complainant that the cheque in question was submitted for encashment at Amritsar, and therefore, by virtue of above stated amendment, the Court at Amritsar has the jurisdiction and would be competent to try and decide the complaint.

6. In M/s Rakesh Oswal Hosiery Mills Pvt. Ltd. Vs. M/s Jain Rubber and Foam Mills and others, 2016 3 RCR(Cri) 235, this Court has held as under:

"11. Thus, it ensues that being a procedural law, a change in the law of procedure operates retrospectively and unlike the law relating to vesting right is not only prospective and thus to the mind of this Court the same lays down a rule of procedure, it ordinarily affects pending actions and it ought to have a retrospective effect as well. Thus, it is very well clear as to the very applicability of this amendment to the cases before this Court. Furthermore, the Hon'ble Supreme Court in a subsequent view reported in the case of 'Bridgestone India Private Limited v. Inderpal Singh, 2016 1 RCR(Civ) 320': 2015 (6) Recent Apex Judgments (R.A.J.) 422 ', considering the ratios laid down in Dashrath Rup Singh Rathod's case (supra) have clearly held that once the cause of action accrues to the complainant, jurisdiction of the Court to try the case will be determined by reference to the place where the cheque is dishonoured and precisely this is what has transpired in the present case. Even the very provisions of Section 177 Cr.P.C. read with Sections 182(1), 184 and 220(1) comes to the aid of the petitioner in this manner."

7. Keeping in view the above facts and settled law, the complaint, which was instituted on 04.09.2013, ha

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s rightly been filed before the Judicial Magistrate Ist Class, Amritsar. Even though, the amended Section 142(3) Cr.P.C. came into force on 15.01.2015, yet as per the ratio of law laid down in above referred cases, a change in the law of procedure operates retrospectively. Therefore, the complaint is rightly being tried by the competent court. 8. No other point has been raised. 9. Finding no merit in the present petition, the same is dismissed.
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