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The Pr. Commissioner of Income Tax-5 v/s Jubilant Energy NELP-V-Pvt. Ltd.


Company & Directors' Information:- H-ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40300MH2007PTC175626

Company & Directors' Information:- A A ENERGY LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40100MH2005PLC157604

Company & Directors' Information:- K M ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40300UP2014PTC067293

Company & Directors' Information:- R. R. ENERGY LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40109CT2004PLC016580

Company & Directors' Information:- ENERGY INDIA CORPORATION LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40101MH2008PLC181157

Company & Directors' Information:- B & S ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40108KA2008PTC048416

Company & Directors' Information:- M. E ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51503PN1998PTC114226

Company & Directors' Information:- K ENERGY COMPANY LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40100CT2007PLC020433

Company & Directors' Information:- U R ENERGY (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40108GJ2011PTC067834

Company & Directors' Information:- B & G ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40107TN2006PTC061362

Company & Directors' Information:- J C I ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP] CIN = U40102KA2011PTC058550

Company & Directors' Information:- ENERGY INDIA LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1998PLC096211

Company & Directors' Information:- INDIA ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED. [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL2000PTC103993

Company & Directors' Information:- V ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40102TG2011PTC073693

Company & Directors' Information:- S M M ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40109TG2014PTC092679

Company & Directors' Information:- C & C ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29299DL2010PTC204724

Company & Directors' Information:- U S G ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29307TZ2005PTC012414

Company & Directors' Information:- A B T ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40108KA1983PTC005321

Company & Directors' Information:- A & T ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40106GJ2012PTC070207

Company & Directors' Information:- K E ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40300TN2011PTC080288

Company & Directors' Information:- V A R ENERGY INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40300TG2014PTC095926

Company & Directors' Information:- C & N ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40100KL2011PTC028837

Company & Directors' Information:- M K D ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U31908UP2015PTC070501

Company & Directors' Information:- C I T L ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40108TG2010PTC066844

Company & Directors' Information:- C R B ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40108TG2010PTC066845

Company & Directors' Information:- J S ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45202HP2006PTC030006

Company & Directors' Information:- T V G ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U52100UP2014PTC066243

Company & Directors' Information:- G G ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC058590

Company & Directors' Information:- V G ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40100MH2005PTC156544

Company & Directors' Information:- D R R ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40102TN2009PTC073741

Company & Directors' Information:- Q - ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74920WB2012FTC182047

Company & Directors' Information:- H R ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40101RJ2003PTC018712

Company & Directors' Information:- J R J R ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40100MH2005PTC153641

Company & Directors' Information:- R M ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40108MH2003PTC142881

Company & Directors' Information:- S V E ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40100TN2009PTC073738

Company & Directors' Information:- L V S ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Under Process of Striking Off] CIN = U40101TG2010PTC068290

Company & Directors' Information:- A. S. R. ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40105TG2008PTC056907

Company & Directors' Information:- S S E ENERGY (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40108TG2014PTC093709

Company & Directors' Information:- K & H ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40109AP2012PTC079162

Company & Directors' Information:- P & S ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40109TG2011PTC072632

Company & Directors' Information:- P A ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40100HP2006PTC030328

Company & Directors' Information:- S & G ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U31101CH2010PTC032133

Company & Directors' Information:- P M S ENERGY INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999DL2012PTC236645

Company & Directors' Information:- D M ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40107DL2010PTC199110

Company & Directors' Information:- S K S ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40108DL2003PTC119741

Company & Directors' Information:- C P ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40109DL2010PTC204395

Company & Directors' Information:- 3 A S ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40300DL2013PTC250263

Company & Directors' Information:- I S R ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Under Process of Striking off] CIN = U40103AP2012PTC084585

Company & Directors' Information:- T AND F ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40100MP2011PTC026065

Company & Directors' Information:- V V ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40101KA2008PTC046429

Company & Directors' Information:- E P C ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40107KA2010PTC053645

Company & Directors' Information:- R J ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40100GJ2009PTC056990

Company & Directors' Information:- I ENERGY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U40100GJ2009PTC058473

    ITA No. 1440 of 2018

    Decided On, 12 December 2018

    At, High Court of Delhi

    By, THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE SANJIV KHANNA & THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE ANUP JAIRAM BHAMBHANI

    For the Appellant: Vibhuti, Advocate. For the Respondent: None.



Judgment Text

Sanjiv Khanna, J. (Oral)1. This appeal by Revenue under section 260A of the Income Tax Act, 1961 ('Act' for short) in the case of M/s Jubilant Energy NELP-V-Private Limited ('respondent-assessee', for short)relates to the Assessment Year 2011-12 and arises from the order dated 28th June, 2018 passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal ('Tribunal' for short).2. Revenue relying on the assessment order and the order of the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals), ('CIT (Appeals)', for short) submits that business of the respondent-assessee was not set up and was not ready for commencement. Respondent-assessee was incorporated on 13th March, 2007 for the purpose of carrying out business of exploration, development and production of oil and gas. In furtherance of this objective, the respondent-assessee had entered into a business transfer agreement with M/s Jubilant Capital Private Limited and M/s Jubilant Securities Private Limited for acquiring their 20% and 35% participatory interest in Ankleshwar Block and Golaghat Block, respectively. However, due to formalities and want of approvals, actual transfer of interest had not materialized. In the absence of business operations, interest of Rs. 1,88,98,763/- paid to a sister concern M/s Jubilant Energy (Kharsang) Private Limited was not allowable as a revenue expense and should be capitalized. Similarly, interest of Rs. 1,78,03,962/- on the Fixed Deposits Receipts ('FDRs', for short) in bank and Inter- Corporate Deposits ('ICDs', for short) with sister concerns earned by the respondent-assessee were taxable under the head 'income from other sources' and not as 'business income'. Interest of Rs. 1,78,03,962 /- cannot be deducted/set-off from interest paid at Rs. 1,88,98,763/-.3. On the other hand, the respondent-assessee had stated that they had taken ICDs of Rs. 55.30/- Crores at the interest rate of 12% per annum from M/s Jubilant Energy (Kharsang) Private Limited. Payments under the ICDs were received during the preceding year, except for Rs. 15/- lacs, which was received between 5th April, 2010 and 4th May, 2010. ICDs were repaid to M/s Jubilant Energy (Kharsang) Private Limited between 31st May, 2010 to 25th March, 2011 leaving an outstanding balance of Rs. 1 Crore at the end of the year in question. Rs. 50 Crores received under the ICD's were advanced to M/s Jubilant Enpro Private Limited in the preceding year vide IDCs of Rs. 20 Crores on 10th October, 2009, Rs. 20 Crores on 29th October, 2009 and Rs. 10 Crores on 25th June, 2010, on which interest @ 12.5% per annum was paid. Thus, the respondent-assessee had paid interest @ 12% on the sum borrowed and had received interest @ 12.5 % on the money lent. M/s Jubilant Enpro Private Limited had repaid Rs. 50 crores between 28th May, 2010 to 25th June, 2010. Rs. 50 Crores was repaid was on the same day to M/s Jubilant Energy (Kharsang) Private Limited.4. Respondent-assessee had relied on the cash flow statement, and cash and ledger account of advances which had opening balance of more than Rs. 6.85/-Crores as on 1st March, 2011, which amount it was stated was advanced to M/s Jubilant Capital Private Limited in the period relevant to the Assessment Year 2008-09. The amount advanced to M/s Jubilant Capital Private Limited was not from the funds procured by the respondent-assessee under the ICDs.5. As per the respondent-assessee, additional sum of money of Rs. 5.20 Crores advanced to M/s Jubilant Capital Private Limited on 25th March, 2011 was paid/advanced from FDRs made in the earlier years and from reserves and surplus from share capital and share premium. On 25th March, 2011 the outstanding balance of loan from Jubilant Energy (Kharsang) Private Limited was Rs. 1 Crore only. Thus, the finding of the Assessing Officer that interest bearing funds were diverted as non-interest bearing funds to M/s Jubilant Capital Private Limited was factually incorrect.6. The Tribunal after referring to the submissions, which rely on documents and papers, had agreed and accepted that the money received by the respondent-assessee under the ICDs of Rs. 55.30 Crores was in the preceding year. Rs. 50 Crores was thereafter transferred and given as ICDs to M/s Jubilant Enpro Private Limited also in the preceding year. There was a nexus between the interest paid @ 12 % per annum and the interest received @ 12.5% per annum. In fact, the respondent-assessee had earned interest of half percent. Even if the interest received was taxable under the head 'income from other sources', the interest paid was deductable under section 57 of the Act.7. We have not been shown any infirmity in the said findings, which are based on facts asserted by the respondent-assessee and accepted. Papers and documents referred to in the impugned order, have not been filed before us to show any incongruity and perversity in the factual and consequently in the legal finding. Accordingly, we do not think that the Assessing Officer and the First Appellate Authority were justified in not allowing deduction of the interest paid from interest received.8. The Tribunal, after recording the above findings, had referred to the original business transfer agreement between the respondent-assessee and M/s Jubilant Capital Private Limited and M/s Jubilant Securities Private Limited. It was observed that the respondent-assessee had incurred expenses of more than Rs. 2,00,000/- on operations and support staff etc. The Tribunal has opined that the business had commenced as the respondent-assessee had entered into business transfer agreement dated 1st April, 2007. It could be urged that this finding is not detailed, albeit the respondent-assessee had furnished performance bank guarantee for M/s Jubilant Capital Private Limited and M/s Jubilant Services Private Limited. Thus, the performance guarantees for the two blocks were given by the respondent-assessee. Interest earned on the FDRs obtained to procure the performance bank guarantees was connected with the two oil blocks. The Tribunal has mentioned that the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) had allowed deduction under Section 35D of the Act, thereby indirectly accepting that respondent-assessee had commenced business. Further the respondent-assessee had advanced more than Rs. 12.11 Crores t

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o M/s Jubilant Capital Private Limited in furtherance to the business transfer agreement to meet the cash calls for participatory interest in the Ankleshwar Block. Thus, the finding that the business was 'set up' has sufficient backing and support from the material and evidence referred to in the impugned order. In any case, this objection regarding 'commencement of business' loses much significance and importance in view of the direct nexus between interest paid and interest received on ICDs. Interest paid to earn interest has to be allowed as a deduction under Section 57 of the Act.9. In the above background, we are not inclined to issue notice in the present appeal. Appeal is dismissed.
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