WHEREAS under Article 345 of the Constitution, the Legislature of the State has been given power to adopt any one or more of the languages in use in the State for official purposes;

AND WHEREAS the State of Tamil Nadu enacted the Tamil Nadu Official Language Act, 1956 (Tamil Nadu Act XXXIX of 1956) and adopted Tamil as the official language of the State under Article 345 of the Constitution;

AND WHEREAS the Official Languages Act, 1963 (Central Act 19 of 1963) provides for continuation of English language for all the official purposes of the Union and for the transaction of business in Parliament;

AND WHEREAS the First Proviso to Section 3 (1) (b) of Central Act 19 of 1963 provides that English shall be used for purposes of communication between the Union and the States;

AND WHEREAS Article 348 in Chapter III of Part XVII of the Constitution provides that notwithstanding anything contained in the provisions of that Part, until the Parliament by law otherwise provides, all proceedings in the Supreme Court and in every High Court shall be in the English language;

AND WHEREAS Tamil has been used as the language of Courts upto the district level inclusive of drafting of pleadings of parties, taking evidence, arguments of respective counsel for the parties and writing of judgements;

AND WHEREAS those who have studied in Tamil Medium have very little chances of getting selected in the employment of Central Government, other State Governments or in Private Sectors, and therefore preference need be given to them in the State Government Services.

AND WHEREAS under Article 14 of the Constitution, mere differentiation or inequality of treatment does not per se amount to differentiation within the inhibition of the equal protection Clause and to attract the operation of the Clause, it is necessary to show that the selection or differentiation is unreasonable or arbitrary; that it does not rest on any rational basis having regard to the object which the Legislature has in view;

AND WHEREAS the classification between persons who obtained the educational qualification prescribed for direct recruitment through Tamil Medium of instruction and persons studied in other medium has a reasonable relation to the object sought to be achieved;

AND WHEREAS such classification neither crosses the frontiers of Article 16 of the Constitution nor prejudices the reservation policy of the State made thereunder;

AND WHEREAS the equality of opportunity of all citizens with similar qualifications relating to appointment to any services under the State does not get altered in view of such classification;

AND WHEREAS the provisions of the Tamil Nadu Backward Classes, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Reservation of seats in Educational Institutions and of appointments or posts in the Services under the State) Act, 1993 (Tamil Nadu Act 45 of 1994) are not transgressed;

AND WHEREAS unless employment opportunities are provided for persons studied in Tamil Medium, there is no scope for the populace of the State to pursue school and college career through Tamil Medium;

AND WHEREAS in order to facilitate a conducive environment for the populace to prefer Tamil Medium of instruction at all levels of education, appointment to any services under the State on preferential basis of persons studied in Tamil Medium is a rational classification;

Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of the State of Tamil Nadu in the Sixty-first Year of the Republic of India as follows:—

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