w w w . L a w y e r S e r v i c e s . i n



Senbo Engineering Ltd. v/s Hooghly River Bridge Commissioners


Company & Directors' Information:- M & B ENGINEERING LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200GJ1981PLC004437

Company & Directors' Information:- SENBO ENGINEERING LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29248WB1990PLC049424

Company & Directors' Information:- G. R. ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65990MH1990PTC058602

Company & Directors' Information:- G G ENGINEERING LIMITED [Active] CIN = L28900MH2006PLC159174

Company & Directors' Information:- V U B ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29290MH2005PTC154033

Company & Directors' Information:- N S ENGINEERING COMPANY PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U29219TG1989PTC010511

Company & Directors' Information:- S S S ENGINEERING COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U27205KA1981PTC004194

Company & Directors' Information:- H M G ENGINEERING LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200MH1977PLC019533

Company & Directors' Information:- K R R ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29309TN1989PTC016852

Company & Directors' Information:- G G ENGINEERING LIMITED [Active] CIN = U28900MH2006PLC159174

Company & Directors' Information:- D B ENGINEERING PRIVATE LTD [Active] CIN = U74899DL1986PTC026541

Company & Directors' Information:- G G ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U28900MH2006PTC159174

Company & Directors' Information:- J P ENGINEERING CORPN PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U34103WB1951PTC019638

Company & Directors' Information:- S N B ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U27106DL2007PTC301213

Company & Directors' Information:- RIVER ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74140DL2007PTC166854

Company & Directors' Information:- T P W ENGINEERING LTD [Active] CIN = U27203WB1975PLC029939

Company & Directors' Information:- C L ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U34300PB1992PTC012057

Company & Directors' Information:- W & W ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72900TN2003PTC051228

Company & Directors' Information:- M L R ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999TG2006PTC051974

Company & Directors' Information:- K B ENGINEERING CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U74160TG1988PTC008366

Company & Directors' Information:- R P ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U29299WB1992PTC055482

Company & Directors' Information:- J & K ENGINEERING LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45203JK2006PLC002684

Company & Directors' Information:- S P T ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP] CIN = U27109UP2005PTC030940

Company & Directors' Information:- A R F ENGINEERING LIMITED [Active] CIN = U27200TN1980PLC008347

Company & Directors' Information:- A M ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Amalgamated] CIN = U65910MH1981PTC187856

Company & Directors' Information:- S. S. E. ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U36990MH2007PTC175320

Company & Directors' Information:- C T ENGINEERING LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29259GJ1986PLC009007

Company & Directors' Information:- R AND S ENGINEERING INDIA PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U29199GJ1995PTC027661

Company & Directors' Information:- U AND R ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29199TZ1999PTC009012

Company & Directors' Information:- I Q ENGINEERING (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U85110KA1996PTC021507

Company & Directors' Information:- G M ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U28910GJ2013PTC077091

Company & Directors' Information:- W. E. ENGINEERING PVT. LTD. [Active] CIN = U52335WB1985PTC039370

Company & Directors' Information:- L. B. ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999WB2018PTC225084

Company & Directors' Information:- R I ENGINEERING (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74210KA1991PTC012420

Company & Directors' Information:- U D ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U32109DL1999PTC102586

Company & Directors' Information:- K M T S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29192DL2005PTC141240

Company & Directors' Information:- C A G ENGINEERING LIMITED [Active] CIN = U00350PB2006PLC029521

Company & Directors' Information:- C A G ENGINEERING LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29110PB2006PLC029521

Company & Directors' Information:- D ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29269TZ1932PTC000046

Company & Directors' Information:- V K B ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL2005PTC141483

Company & Directors' Information:- K-BRIDGE INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72200GJ2001PTC040174

Company & Directors' Information:- INDIA ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72200PN1999PTC014259

Company & Directors' Information:- C N C ENGINEERING LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U93000KA1986PLC007922

Company & Directors' Information:- M K V ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29199TZ1997PTC007736

Company & Directors' Information:- G V T ENGINEERING (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29219DL1996PTC082427

Company & Directors' Information:- K. I. ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999WB2009PTC133109

Company & Directors' Information:- G M E P ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29192DL1998PTC096737

Company & Directors' Information:- J T ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1984PTC018756

Company & Directors' Information:- M C ENGINEERING CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U74899DL1972PTC006392

Company & Directors' Information:- C P ENGINEERING (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U27209TN1987PTC014052

Company & Directors' Information:- J B L ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U28112MP2008PTC021459

Company & Directors' Information:- H V S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U28920MH2005PTC158342

Company & Directors' Information:- S C ENGINEERING CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U74210WB1982PTC035623

Company & Directors' Information:- U M ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29200MH1977PTC019574

Company & Directors' Information:- A V K ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1995PTC071971

Company & Directors' Information:- S K ENGINEERING CO PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U05001UP1952PTC002408

Company & Directors' Information:- G D ENGINEERING COMPANY (INDIA) PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U74210WB1993PTC058553

Company & Directors' Information:- V M R ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29120DL2005PTC136764

Company & Directors' Information:- K. S. I. ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U36999HR2007PTC036660

Company & Directors' Information:- N S S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U28999KA1989PTC010312

Company & Directors' Information:- A P V ENGINEERING CO LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U29113WB1945PLC006428

Company & Directors' Information:- G B ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29212PB1996PTC017500

Company & Directors' Information:- C M S ENGINEERING INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74210TN2010PTC075302

Company & Directors' Information:- J K B ENGINEERING COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U31300TN1996PTC036482

Company & Directors' Information:- T S C ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70109DL2011PTC217251

Company & Directors' Information:- H T S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999MH2008PTC187914

Company & Directors' Information:- T P ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201OR2010PTC011517

Company & Directors' Information:- S B ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U29199GJ1982PTC005292

Company & Directors' Information:- J J ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U29219WB1986PTC041433

Company & Directors' Information:- D & L ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP] CIN = U29113TN2004PTC052690

Company & Directors' Information:- H R P ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U31503MH1997PTC108621

Company & Directors' Information:- S H ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70101WB1999PTC088930

Company & Directors' Information:- V K S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U28133TN2005PTC057283

Company & Directors' Information:- M K ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U29199GJ1995PTC027278

Company & Directors' Information:- K J ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29299PN2006PTC129171

Company & Directors' Information:- C S S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45302TN2003PTC051161

Company & Directors' Information:- N. P. ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U31100WB2010PTC150609

Company & Directors' Information:- S R K ENGINEERING CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U67120WB1994PTC063442

Company & Directors' Information:- M P T ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U29299KL1994PTC007761

Company & Directors' Information:- T S R C ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29100UP2020PTC133920

Company & Directors' Information:- C S ENGINEERING INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U28110MH2021PTC361962

Company & Directors' Information:- A K ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U50300UP1981PTC005354

Company & Directors' Information:- H M T D ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U99999MH1981PTC035175

Company & Directors' Information:- J P ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U28129MH1972PTC015813

Company & Directors' Information:- V M ENGINEERING COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U28920MH1969PTC014224

Company & Directors' Information:- H M A ENGINEERING LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45209PB2008PLC031777

Company & Directors' Information:- P T S ENGINEERING INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74210TZ2011PTC016944

Company & Directors' Information:- K S M ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74210TG1997PTC028612

Company & Directors' Information:- M M ENGINEERING COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP] CIN = U28932MH1979PTC021819

Company & Directors' Information:- N G T ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U27109WB1968PTC027292

Company & Directors' Information:- M A S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U99999MH1976PTC019233

Company & Directors' Information:- G R K ENGINEERING (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74200AP2011PTC076356

Company & Directors' Information:- P N S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29120TN2006PTC060120

Company & Directors' Information:- K P ENGINEERING CORPORATION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74200WB1961PTC025258

Company & Directors' Information:- M A N INDIA ENGINEERING LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74200WB1979PLC020893

Company & Directors' Information:- R V K ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29253TN2010PTC074505

Company & Directors' Information:- R K ENGINEERING COMPANY PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U74899DL1975PTC007743

Company & Directors' Information:- G S A ENGINEERING CORPN PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74210WB1957PTC023382

Company & Directors' Information:- A R M ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED. [Strike Off] CIN = U00500JH1988PTC003057

Company & Directors' Information:- L & V ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45202MZ2005PTC007690

Company & Directors' Information:- S G A ENGINEERING COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29200MH2005PTC154349

Company & Directors' Information:- C P C ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29120TZ1986PTC001880

Company & Directors' Information:- P K R ENGINEERING INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29130TZ2004PTC011094

Company & Directors' Information:- M N B ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70101TN2005PTC057442

Company & Directors' Information:- R R K ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999WB2011PTC161080

Company & Directors' Information:- D M S ENGINEERING CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U28920WB1964PTC026168

Company & Directors' Information:- C R T ENGINEERING LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U32109DL1990PLC038842

Company & Directors' Information:- S D S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U28999PN2000PTC014838

Company & Directors' Information:- G B L ENGINEERING COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29130RJ1998PTC015182

Company & Directors' Information:- N T ENGINEERING COMPANY PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U99999PY1986PTC000445

Company & Directors' Information:- R K ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U31100MH2005PTC152838

Company & Directors' Information:- V J S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29130TN1996PTC036636

Company & Directors' Information:- R. K. V. ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29253MH2010PTC205237

Company & Directors' Information:- U S ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U34300CH1986PTC006887

Company & Directors' Information:- A D ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74210OR1989PTC002348

Company & Directors' Information:- R J ENGINEERING COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U27107RJ1972PTC001441

Company & Directors' Information:- H F ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29244KL2013PTC033909

Company & Directors' Information:- O N ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1988PTC031987

Company & Directors' Information:- I D M ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29199KA1981PTC004517

Company & Directors' Information:- P S R ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U40200WB1987PTC042244

Company & Directors' Information:- P N ENGINEERING CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74210WB1980PTC032750

Company & Directors' Information:- A M A R ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29219DL1997PTC084187

Company & Directors' Information:- S G D ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29210KA2009PTC050452

Company & Directors' Information:- G A S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29191MH2004PTC149606

Company & Directors' Information:- G T ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29219PN2012PTC145781

Company & Directors' Information:- M. M. K. ENGINEERING COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29305MH2014PTC252830

Company & Directors' Information:- K-4 ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U31400MH2010PTC204004

Company & Directors' Information:- N J ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45209MH2015PTC262607

Company & Directors' Information:- P R S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29253TN2009PTC073915

Company & Directors' Information:- U P S ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U40300TN2013PTC090167

Company & Directors' Information:- K G D ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400WB2014PTC200732

Company & Directors' Information:- T A ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U28992CH2003PTC025800

Company & Directors' Information:- M N A ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45202CH2006PTC030215

Company & Directors' Information:- A A P ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U27106DL2005PTC138318

Company & Directors' Information:- A C ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29253DL2011PTC222515

Company & Directors' Information:- S. Z. ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29253DL2014PTC274095

Company & Directors' Information:- IN ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74210DL2011PTC212284

Company & Directors' Information:- J N ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400DL2015PTC278906

Company & Directors' Information:- N I ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400DL2015PTC280734

Company & Directors' Information:- A N D ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51502DL2012PTC242516

Company & Directors' Information:- R R V ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909DL1997PTC089342

Company & Directors' Information:- Z. M. ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909DL2007PTC168270

Company & Directors' Information:- K Y ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74999DL2013PTC248278

Company & Directors' Information:- R AND T ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U34300DL2005PTC136846

Company & Directors' Information:- THE ENGINEERING CORPORATION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U99999KA1951PTC000699

Company & Directors' Information:- S J P ENGINEERING CO. PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51505KA2002PTC030808

Company & Directors' Information:- D Y R ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45205KA2014PTC075105

Company & Directors' Information:- S I ENGINEERING COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U27109UP1967PTC003182

Company & Directors' Information:- W D ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29308MH2020PTC345065

Company & Directors' Information:- S D ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL1999PTC102948

Company & Directors' Information:- M B D ENGINEERING PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74210DL2008PTC181446

Company & Directors' Information:- A. B. C. ENGINEERING CORPORATION LIMITED [Not available for efiling] CIN = U99999MH1950PLC008192

Company & Directors' Information:-  ENGINEERING COMPANY ( [Not Available for eFiling] CIN = U99999MH1951PLC010002

Company & Directors' Information:- F M P ENGINEERING PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U29259GJ1965PTC001337

    Arbitration Petition No. 482 of 2019

    Decided On, 21 December 2020

    At, High Court of Judicature at Calcutta

    By, THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE ARINDAM SINHA

    For the Appearing Parties: S.N. Mitra, Suparna Mukherjee, Arik Banerjee, Niloy Sengupta, Swati Agarwal, Kishore Datta, Jishnu Chowdhury, Sarvapriya Mukherjee, Sandip Dasgupta, Ayan De, Advocates.



Judgment Text

The Court:1. The arbitration petition for extension of time has been heard. Petitioner is claimant in the reference and has petitioned for extension of time to conclude it. Mr. Datta, learned senior advocate, Advocate General appeared on behalf of respondent and argued, the petition is misconceived because section 29A in Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 allows a once only approach to Court for the purpose.2. Mr. Datta submitted, there is deliberate intention of Parliament, manifest by omission of the words "from time to time" in section 29A, used in section 28 of repealed Arbitration Act, 1940 regarding extension of time for making the award. Section 29A was inserted by amendment on consideration of report of the Law Commission on Arbitration (Amendment) Bill, 2001. He referred to paragraphs 2.21.1, 2.21.4, 2.21.5, 2.42 and paragraph 27 in the report. He submitted, the recommendation also had the words but Parliament acted otherwise in omitting them. In that context he relied on following judgements on interpretation of statutes:i. Sri Ram Saha vs. State of West Bengal, (2004) 11 SCC 497, paragraphs 19 to 24;ii. Abdur Rahim vs. Mahomed Barkat Ali, 55 IndApp 96, page 103 for the passage quoted below:"It is a sound rule of interpretation to take the words of a statute as they stand and to interpret them ordinarily without any reference to the previous state of the law on the subject or the English law upon which it may be founded; but when it is contended that the legislature intended by any particular amendment to make substantial changes in the pre-existing law, it is impossible to arrive at a conclusion without considering what the law was previously to the particular enactment and to see whether the words used in the statute can be taken to effect the change that is suggested as intended. For this reason it becomes necessary to consider how the law stood prior to the enactment of s.92 of the Code of Civil Procedure of 1908."iii. LMJ International Ltd. vs. Swiss Singapore Overseas Enterprises PTE Ltd.,2016 4 CalHN 486, page 4, which carries reference to five judgements of English Courts, Supreme Court and this Court.3. On consequences of a reference becoming abortive after exhausting recourse to provisions in section 29A, his contention being that Court can only extend time once, he submitted, for thereafter resolution of the dispute, Court has to be moved. The litigant can avail of exclusion of time provided under section 14 in Limitation Act, 1963. This exclusion by the section has been expanded to apply to quasi judicial proceedings. He relied on judgments of Supreme Court.i. Srei Infrastructure Finance Ltd. V. Tuff Drilling(P) Ltd., (2018) 11 SCC 470, paragraphs 13, 14 and 26 for arbitration reference being a quasi judicial proceeding;ii. M.P. Steel Corporation V. Commissioner of Central Excise, (2015) 7 SCC 58, paragraphs 1 to 3, 11, 21, 34 and 35 for declaration of law expanding application of section 14, Limitation Act, 1963 to beyond Courts; andiii. A.P. Power Coordination Committee V. Lanco Kondapalli Power Ltd., (2016) 3 SCC 468 in following M.P. Steel Corporation (supra).4. Mr. Mitra, learned senior advocate appeared on behalf of petitioner. On facts he referred to order dated 27th September, 2018, of this Bench, to demonstrate that thereby there was first extension of time for mandate. Subsequently by order dated 3rd January, 2019, passed by coordinate Bench, there was second extension of time for mandate. That such was extension stands admitted by respondent in paragraph 16 of their affidavit in opposition affirmed on 3rd September, 2019. There is clear averment that order dated 3rd January, 2019, was passed under section 29A(6). Respondent's submission, thereafter in 66th sitting of the reference, was recorded as follows:-"After withdrawal of the cease work call, the next hearing was held on June 15, 2019 when it was submitted on behalf of the Respondent that going by the order of the Hon'ble High Court the time to conclude the hearing within four months had expired. Hence, the parties should go before the High Court for further extension of time."As such, respondent now cannot obstruct there being extension of time to conclude the reference.5. He then drew attention to provisions in the Act of 1996, regarding interference by Court. Section 5 limits extent of judicial intervention as confined to, intervention where provided in part one. Section 34, dealing with setting aside of award, has in it sub-section (3) limiting time, in which Court can entertain an application, being three months and thirty days but not thereafter. Section 37 limits orders, from which appeal would lie. He submitted, there is no limit, on approach to Court, provided in section 29A.6. On cases cited by respondent he submitted, order dated 31st July, 2019 in AP 337 of 2019 (Hindustan Construction Co. Ltd. versus Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority) was brought to notice of respondent by Court but was not distinguished, as not applicable to its contention. He submitted further, view taken therein has not been interfered with till date.7. He then referred to Sri Ram Saha (supra), to paragraph 24. He submitted, the Supreme Court found that the High Court had expanded scope and application of section 4A in West Bengal Land Reforms Act, 1955. In entertaining repeated plea for extension of time the High Court would not be expanding scope or application of section 29A. He reiterated, there is no limitation in the provision akin to those provided in sections 5, 34 and 37 of the Act of 1996. On Abdur Rahim (supra) he submitted, section 29A was incorporated by amendment. The decision would not apply to it inasmuch as this was not amendment made of an existing provision, to cause substantial change to it. The provision is a subsequent incorporation by amendment and as such the decision does not go in aid of respondent's contention.8. Mr. Mitra drew attention to report of the Law Commission, in particular paragraphs 2.21.4 and 2.21.5. Recommendation was that it be left to Court to fix upper limit regarding the time of extension, in context of situation contemplated, of whether the extension should be capped at 24 months or allowed to be more. It was reported that proposal was to see that an arbitral award is ultimately passed even if the delays have taken place. Mr. Mitra also submitted, section 14 in Limitation Act, 1963 is not applicable for the purpose of parties being compelled to approach Court on termination of mandate since the reference could not be said to have proceeded before the Tribunal, on it having suffered from defect of jurisdiction or other cause of a like nature.9. Mr. Datta, with reference to sub-section (1) in section 14 of the Limitation Act, emphasized on three phrases in the sub-section, being 'civil proceeding', 'Court of first instance' and 'defect jurisdiction or other cause of a like nature'. According to him, Arbitral Tribunal would be included in 'Court of first instance', subject matter of the reference being indisputably 'civil proceeding'. When, Arbitral Tribunal loses its mandate, on exhausting time provided under the Act, at the first instance and on extension by the one approach to Court, the phrase 'defect of jurisdiction' becomes applicable to it and the civil proceeding thereafter cannot be prosecuted before the Tribunal. He relied on judgements of the Supreme Court.(i) P. Sarathy Vs. State Bank of India, (2000) 5 SCC 355, paragraphs 8 to 15.(ii) Nahar Industrial Enterprises Ltd. Vs. Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, (2009) 8 SCC 646 paragraphs 86 and 89.10. With regard to his client's conduct in the reference regarding record of submission made on its behalf, he submitted that without going into correctness of it, same cannot be construed as consent or even if it is, it cannot confer jurisdiction to this Court to entertain repetitive petition for extension of time.11. In dealing with the judgements noted in last preceding paragraph, Mr. Mitra relied on judgement of the Supreme Court in Md, Army Welfare Housing Organisation vs Sumangal Services (P) Ltd., (2004) 9 SCC 619, paragraph 43 for said Court's view on Arbitral Tribunal not being Court. The paragraph is extracted below:-"43. An Arbitral Tribunal is not a court of law. Its orders are not judicial orders. Its functions are not judicial functions. It cannot exercise its power ex debito justitiae. The jurisdiction of the being confined to the four corners of the agreement, he can only pass such an order which may be the subject-matter of reference.12. He concluded by pointing out that in Nahar Industrial Enterprises Ltd.(supra), the Supreme Court said following in paragraph 67, extracted below:-"67. The terms "tribunal", "court" and the "civil court" have been used in the Code differently. All "courts" are "tribunals" but all "tribunals" are not "courts". Similarly all "civil courts" are "courts" but all "courts" are not "civil courts." It is not much in dispute that the broad distinction between a "court" and a "tribunal" is whereas the decision of the "court" is final the decision of the "tribunal" may not be. The "tribunal", however, which is authorised to take evidence of witnesses would ordinarily be held to be a "court" within the meeting of Section 3 of the Evidence Act, 1872. It includes not only Judges and Magistrates but also persons, except arbitrators, legally authorised to take evidence. It is an inclusive definition. There may be other forums which would also come within the purview of the said definition."13. This petition with prayer for extension of time to conclude the reference is not the first approach to Court. Hence, requirement for adjudication of respondent's contention. Similar contention was raised before this Bench in AP 337 of 2019 (Hindustan Construction Company Ltd. vs. Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority), dealt with by order dated 31st July, 2019. During course of hearing, on recollection of having taken a view therein, same was brought to notice of respondent. Petitioner relied on it. The view expressed is reproduced below:"It is clear that intention of Legislature in inserting this provision regarding time limit for arbitral award is with object of expeditious resolution of disputes. Where there is arbitration agreement between parties, their disputes must be addressed and adjudicated by reference. Interference of Court is limited. That means the disputes cannot be adjudicated by Court. Therefore, if in a situation mandate of a Tribunal is terminated by expiry of the period, what will happen to adjudication of the disputes? Respondent in contending Court can extend only once, this being prayer for second extension by Court, cannot ask for recourse to sub-section (6), which provides for substitute arbitrator being appointed, to continue with the reference. On considering stage of proceedings and conduct of it on pleadings submissions, Court is not convinced recourse to sub-section (6) is to be had. Mr. Mitra's argument is also of substance since, if Court extends the time by substituting arbitrator, it can do so on a finding in terms of proviso under sub-section (4). As such, Court is convinced its discretion is not circumscribed to be exercised only once in the matter of extending the time."So it was that respondent submitted regarding subsequent step to obtain remedy of adjudication from Court, upon getting excluded time spent in the reference.14. The Act of 1996, on enactment, did not have provision limiting time for arbitral award. Section 29A was incorporated by amendment. The provision requires award to be made within 12 months from the date the Arbitral Tribunal enters upon the reference. 6 months extension of the period can be had on consent of parties, after which mandate of the arbitrator(s) shall terminate unless the Court has, either prior to or after expiry of the period, extended it. The extension by Court may be on the application of any of the parties. The ground may be only for sufficient cause and on such terms and conditions as may be imposed by the Court.15. The power of Court to grant extension of time is attended by several other things that Court can do in the matter. Proviso in sub-section (4) says that while extending the period, if Court finds the proceedings have been delayed for reasons attributable to the Tribunal, then it may order reduction of fees of arbitrator(s) by not exceeding 5 per cent for each month of such delay. On approach to Court, either upon expiry of the 12 months period or said period extended by further 6 months on consent of parties, a finding on delay caused in aforesaid periods is possible. This indicates it to be a first step in regulating procedure adopted by the Tribunal dealing with the reference in the prescribed time period. Then there is provided in sub-section (6) that it shall be open to the Court to substitute one or all of the arbitrator(s)and subsection (8) provides that it shall be open to the Court to impose actual or exemplary cost upon any of the parties, under the section.16. Whether extension of time to conclude the reference can be had from Court on a once only approach can be answered by analyzing provisions in the section. Provision for Court's attendant powers, to reduce fees of arbitrator(s) or substitute them, have been made by successive separate sub-sections. The incorporated subsection (1) said, the period of 12 months commences from the date the arbitral Tribunal enters upon the reference. By the newly substituted sub-section, the commencement date was pushed back to be date of completion of pleadings under sub-section (4) of section 23, brought in by amendment of 2019. Also by amendments of 2019 was incorporated, inter alia, the proviso in sub-section (4). Further included incorporated proviso under sub-section(4) mandates for the arbitrator to be given opportunity of being heard before the fees is reduced, obviously indicating that an enquiry on causes of delay may result in finding that the delay was not caused by the Tribunal. Amendments of 2019, to the section, are with effect from 30th August, 2019. This petition was filed on 24th July, 2019. Even adjudicating the question raised in the petition on basis of amendments of 2015, view taken by this Bench in Hindustan Construction Company Ltd. (supra) appears to find support from the Legislature's manifest intention, for the reference being concluded.17. Sri Ram Saha (supra) was relied upon by Mr. Datta on submission that phrase 'time to time' stands omitted from the provisions in section 29A, which phrase cannot be imparted into it by analogy, on supplying the omission of engrafting on it or introducing in it, under the guise of interpretation. To do so would be entrenching upon the preserves of the Legislature. The Supreme Court, in dealing with a case where the High Court had extended scope of application of section 4A in West Bengal Land Reforms Act, 1955 to areas in State of West Bengal other than the specified area, being three subdivisions of Darjeeling district, had referred to its this earlier decision. Also in the context Abdur Rahim (supra) was relied upon for that when it is contended the

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Legislature intended, by any particular amendment, to make substantial changes in the pre- existing law, it is impossible to arrive at a conclusion without considering what the law was previously to the particular enactment, to see whether the words used in the statute can be taken to effect the change that is suggested as intended. These guides of interpretation cannot be employed in aid of respondent's contention. Substantial change in arbitration law was brought about by the Act of 1996. Arbitration Act, 1940 had section 28 providing for extension of time to conclude the reference, as could be made by Court from 'time to time'. The 1996 Act did not have in it a provision for extension of time to conclude the reference. Interpretation on this can well be that the Legislature thought fit to do away with procedure of repeated approach to Court for extension of time, to leave the Tribunal to conclude the reference without limitation of period, in which to do it. Instead, the omission would have to be taken into consideration for purpose of interpreting section 29A, later incorporated by amendment of 2015 with further amendments made to it. Such consideration does not lead to conclusion that approach to Court for extension of time can be only once.18. Consequent upon view taken above, the other legal issues of, 'defect of jurisdiction or like nature' or whether 'Arbitrator' is 'Court' are not required to be answered.19. There will be extension of time to conclude the reference. The extension will be up to 30th June, 2021. As parties did not invite Court to adjudicate on causes of delay, no direction is being made in respect thereof.20. The petition is allowed as above.
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