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Regional Director, E.S.I. Corporation v/s J.S. Garments


Company & Directors' Information:- K C GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC139844

Company & Directors' Information:- D R GARMENTS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101GJ2005PTC046010

Company & Directors' Information:- R. R. GARMENTS LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51900MH1995PLC095544

Company & Directors' Information:- M. B. GARMENTS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18202WB2011PTC157173

Company & Directors' Information:- S G GARMENTS LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101WB2004PLC098193

Company & Directors' Information:- K K P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65921TZ1994PTC005334

Company & Directors' Information:- B K GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2001PTC109850

Company & Directors' Information:- N K GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2000PTC107093

Company & Directors' Information:- K. D. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18109WB2005PTC101896

Company & Directors' Information:- G AND A GARMENTS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U18101PB1995PTC016121

Company & Directors' Information:- V H GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U52322MH2008PTC181066

Company & Directors' Information:- M S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1991PTC046660

Company & Directors' Information:- C & Y GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U25209TN1988PTC016306

Company & Directors' Information:- S. S. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL1996PTC083315

Company & Directors' Information:- R K GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18100GJ1994PTC023240

Company & Directors' Information:- H S V GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC141103

Company & Directors' Information:- C B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18109WB2011PTC161559

Company & Directors' Information:- G. M. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18109DL2006PTC152683

Company & Directors' Information:- D AND D GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1975PTC007923

Company & Directors' Information:- J S GARMENTS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74900WB2009PTC135262

Company & Directors' Information:- K. B . GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18109WB2011PTC166954

Company & Directors' Information:- A K GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17120DL2015PTC282847

Company & Directors' Information:- D P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2004PTC129479

Company & Directors' Information:- V S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC143084

Company & Directors' Information:- P AND P GARMENTS PVT LTD [Under Process of Striking Off] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC143556

Company & Directors' Information:- V S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101HR2005PTC068124

Company & Directors' Information:- L. H. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U17121KA2011PTC060761

Company & Directors' Information:- K M S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101KL2002PTC015310

Company & Directors' Information:- K R GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U17111WB1998PTC087046

Company & Directors' Information:- T & A GARMENTS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U52321TN1993PTC025318

Company & Directors' Information:- P. S. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18204DL2007PTC164238

Company & Directors' Information:- S. A. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17121DL2007PTC165007

Company & Directors' Information:- T S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51494DL1996PTC076668

Company & Directors' Information:- GARMENTS INDIA PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51909GJ1979PTC003310

Company & Directors' Information:- I G S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2004PTC128723

Company & Directors' Information:- P V S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101TZ2007PTC013976

Company & Directors' Information:- M. P. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17291DL2007PTC164129

Company & Directors' Information:- K. S. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2007PTC164404

Company & Directors' Information:- J K GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2003PTC120039

Company & Directors' Information:- B G GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL2005PTC142488

Company & Directors' Information:- V B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL1997PTC088244

Company & Directors' Information:- S S R GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999DL1997PTC088511

Company & Directors' Information:- S P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2003PTC120709

Company & Directors' Information:- P N GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51311DL2004PTC127524

Company & Directors' Information:- J B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101PB1996PTC017533

Company & Directors' Information:- A. D. S. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U52609DL2017PTC321217

Company & Directors' Information:- H. K. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18109DL2007PTC159196

Company & Directors' Information:- V P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18109DL2012PTC233293

Company & Directors' Information:- S T GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18109DL2015PTC277043

Company & Directors' Information:- P L GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17120DL2013PTC248417

Company & Directors' Information:- M. K. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17291DL2007PTC164395

Company & Directors' Information:- U R GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2002PTC114011

Company & Directors' Information:- N J GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2002PTC117748

Company & Directors' Information:- R A GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP and Dissolved] CIN = U18101DL2003PTC123385

Company & Directors' Information:- P C GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2004PTC129478

Company & Directors' Information:- N V GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC133534

Company & Directors' Information:- C S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC134787

Company & Directors' Information:- L S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC136180

Company & Directors' Information:- B L GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC136912

Company & Directors' Information:- B D S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC137898

Company & Directors' Information:- T G GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC143392

Company & Directors' Information:- B K C GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP and Dissolved] CIN = U18101DL2006PTC144478

Company & Directors' Information:- R B P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED. [Active] CIN = U18101DL2006PTC148881

Company & Directors' Information:- G P S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED. [Active] CIN = U18101DL2006PTC149330

Company & Directors' Information:- G P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2007PTC161067

Company & Directors' Information:- I B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909DL2013PTC257044

Company & Directors' Information:- G P S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED. [Active] CIN = U74110DL2006PTC149330

Company & Directors' Information:- I. K. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51109DL2008PTC180451

Company & Directors' Information:- A G GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51300DL2013PTC257609

Company & Directors' Information:- Y B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51311DL2004PTC129581

Company & Directors' Information:- V R V GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51311DL2008PTC182256

Company & Directors' Information:- Y N GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U81010DL2003PTC123182

Company & Directors' Information:- M V GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899HR2005PTC141797

Company & Directors' Information:- A AND R GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U17120HR2013PTC049037

Company & Directors' Information:- F T GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18109KL2015PTC037773

Company & Directors' Information:- G AND G GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17299MH2020PTC350276

Company & Directors' Information:- V K GARMENTS PRIVATE LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL1981PTC012410

Company & Directors' Information:- P M P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC134811

Company & Directors' Information:- A S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17212CH1992PTC012350

Company & Directors' Information:- V R GARMENTS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U18101CH1991PTC011345

Company & Directors' Information:- K M P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18109DL2007PTC162181

Company & Directors' Information:- S B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51311DL2005PTC141954

    First Appeal No.3042 of 2006

    Decided On, 15 February 2007

    At, High Court of Judicature at Bombay

    By, THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE A.S. OKA

    For the Appellant: H.V. Mehta, Advocate. For the Respondent: C.R. Naidu, Advocate.



Judgment Text

This Appeal is preferred under section 82 of the Employees' State Insurance Act,1948 (hereinafter referred to as the said Act of 1948). The Appeal takes exception to the Judgment and Order dated 26th November 1996 passed by the learned Judge of the Employees' State Insurance Court, Mumbai in an Application under section 75 of the said Act of 1948 filed by the Respondent herein.


2. Following substantial question of law arises in this Appeal:


"Whether the period of limitation of five years provided under the proviso to Clause (b) of the section 77(1-A) of the said Act, 1948 is applicable to a demand/claim made by the E.S.I. Corporation on the basis of an order under section 45-A of the said Act of 1948?"


3. The cause of action for filing the Application under section 75 of the said Act of 1948 arose as an order was passed by the first Appellant under section 45-A of the said Act of 1948 holding that the establishment of the Respondent is covered by the provisions of the said Act of 1948 from 1st August 1979. The said order was passed on 16th December 1991. By the impugned order, the order passed under section 45-A of the said Act of 1948 is held to be illegal and recovery certificate dated 9th April 1992 issued on the basis of the said order has been set aside.


4. The learned Trial Judge held that the period of limitation of five years provided under section 77(1-A) applies to the claim/adjudication made under section 45-A of the said Act of 1948. The learned Trial Judge has therefore held that the claim made by the Appellants under Order dated 16th December 1991 was barred by limitation.


5. I have heard the submissions of the learned Counsel for the parties. The learned Counsel for the Appellant submitted that now the issue regarding applicability of limitation has been decided by the Apex Court, in the case of E.S.I.C. Vs. C.C. Santhakumar in Civil Appeal No.4291 of 2000 and other connected Appeals. He submitted that the Apex Court has held the provision of limitation under section 77(1)(A) will not apply. The learned Counsel for the Respondent submitted that even if the specific period of limitation will not apply, the action under section 45-A of the said Act of 1948 will have to be taken within a reasonable time.


6. I have considered the submissions. The Apex Court in the aforesaid decision was considering the question, "Does the proviso to clause (b) of section 77 (1-A) fix the limit of time, in which the Corporation can make a claim from the employer, on the basis of an order passed under section 45-A of the said Act of 1948?". The Apex Court held that the limitation of three years for filing an Application can only relate to an application under section 75 read with section 77(1-A) of the said Act of 1948. The Apex Court held that order under section 45-A need not be executed by the Corporation before the E.S.I. Court under section 77 of the said Act of 1948. In paragraph 10 of its decision, the Apex court has held thus:


"10...So, the limitation of three years for filing an application before the Court, introduced by Act 44 of 1966, can only relate to the application under section 75 read with 77 (1A). The order under section 45-A need not be executed by the Corporation before the E.S.I. Court under Section 77. As such, the amendment to Section 77(1A) (b) proviso by Act 29 of 1989 providing five year limitation has no relevance so far as orders by the Corporation under Section 45-A are concerned. Where an order is passed under section 45-A, it is the duty of the employer and not the Corporation to approach the E.S.I. Court. Since no application need be filed by the Corporation after an order is passed under section 45-A, the limitation prescribed under section 77 does not get attracted. The non-payment of contribution is a continuing cause, which is clear from the fact that the employer is enjoined to pay the interest under section 39(5)(A), which was introduced by Act 29 of 1989, until the date of its actual payment." (Emphasis supplied)


7. The Apex Court, however, proceeded to hold that the demand must be raised by the E.S.I. Corporation within a reasonable time. The Apex Court held that what is reasonable time in a given case has to be considered after considering the factual aspects of a particular case. Therefore, it follows that a demand which is not made in reasonable time is illegal.


8. Turning back to the facts of the present case, the order impugned has been passed on the footing that the limitation as provided in proviso of clause (b) of section 77(1-A) is applicable to a demand made by the Corporation. Obviously, the said view is totally contrary to what is held by the Apex Court in the aforesaid case. However, the Trial Court has not considered the question whether the demand has been made by the Corporation within a reasonable time. For deciding the said question, factual aspects of the case will have to be considered. Therefore, impugned order deserves to be quashed and set aside and the Application under section 75 of the said Act of 1948 will have to be considered afresh in the light of what is observed in this Judgment.


9. Hence, I pass the following order:


i) Impugned Judgment and Order dated 26th November 1996 is quashed and set aside and the Application (ESI) No.87 of 1992 is restored to file.


ii) Parties are directed to appear before the trial court on 26th March 2007.


iii) It is made clear that the demand

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made by the Appellants cannot be held to be barred by limitation. However, while agitating the other aspects on merits as regards the demand, it will be open for the Respondent to urge that the demand is not made within a reasonable time. If such contention is raised, the Trial Court will decide the same. The parties are free to lead further evidence. iv) The Trial Court will pass a final order as expeditiously as possible and preferably on or before 30th September 2007. v) All issues on merit except the issue of applicability of period of limitation framed in this Appeal are kept open.
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