w w w . L a w y e r S e r v i c e s . i n



M/s. Mahakaleswar Construction & Another v/s Palash Das & Others


Company & Directors' Information:- L & W CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201KA2006PTC039095

Company & Directors' Information:- N H CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201DL2006PTC144604

Company & Directors' Information:- C S CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201DL2005PTC140236

Company & Directors' Information:- G DAS & CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U74992WB1935PTC008299

Company & Directors' Information:- S D CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45209WB1993PTC058947

Company & Directors' Information:- M K R CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201DL2003PTC121828

Company & Directors' Information:- R K CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U00500BR1984PTC001953

Company & Directors' Information:- T D CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70101AS2002PTC006719

Company & Directors' Information:- M I A CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45204DL2013PTC248344

Company & Directors' Information:- H N CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200JH2007PTC012923

Company & Directors' Information:- L V CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201UP1998PTC023382

Company & Directors' Information:- A G L CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45400WB2008PTC126885

Company & Directors' Information:- C. K. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U00501BR1990PTC003909

Company & Directors' Information:- CONSTRUCTION INDIA PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45201GJ1979PTC003375

Company & Directors' Information:- H R CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201UP2002PTC026867

Company & Directors' Information:- M B N CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70101AS2004PTC007322

Company & Directors' Information:- N J CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70102WB2012PTC186978

Company & Directors' Information:- C S R CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC060034

Company & Directors' Information:- T M G CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45203UP2000PTC025597

Company & Directors' Information:- C D S CONSTRUCTION CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45200MH1982PTC026703

Company & Directors' Information:- P J CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201AS2000PTC006365

Company & Directors' Information:- A R C CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45202MH1996PTC096950

Company & Directors' Information:- N B S A M CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201DL2005PTC143267

Company & Directors' Information:- J M D CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U70101WB1993PTC057456

Company & Directors' Information:- S R K CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45200BR1998PTC008483

Company & Directors' Information:- V & C CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1992PTC049012

Company & Directors' Information:- S B CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45203OR1994PTC003672

Company & Directors' Information:- O A CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45203AR2005PTC007930

Company & Directors' Information:- J C CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45203AS1999PTC005975

Company & Directors' Information:- N A CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200MH2009PTC192764

Company & Directors' Information:- N CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201DL2006PTC146888

Company & Directors' Information:- V. K. CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PVT. LTD. [Active] CIN = U45102WB1991PTC050570

Company & Directors' Information:- M M CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45200GJ1995PTC027508

Company & Directors' Information:- P. L. G. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45400DL2007PTC171110

Company & Directors' Information:- L AND C CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201KA2001PTC028456

Company & Directors' Information:- C R CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45209WB1960PTC024811

Company & Directors' Information:- J S CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45201OR1981PTC000921

Company & Directors' Information:- S H A CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45202DL1996PTC076831

Company & Directors' Information:- S N S CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45204HR2009PTC039160

Company & Directors' Information:- A V M CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45202GJ2007PTC050521

Company & Directors' Information:- M P J CONSTRUCTION (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400HR2011PTC044433

Company & Directors' Information:- DAS & CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U72100AS1946PTC000740

Company & Directors' Information:- A H CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201TN1990PTC019675

Company & Directors' Information:- A R S S V CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45202UR2020PTC011198

Company & Directors' Information:- A D CONSTRUCTION CO PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201UP1984PTC006464

Company & Directors' Information:- G V G CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70102TN2009PTC072766

Company & Directors' Information:- D G CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70102JH2012PTC000717

Company & Directors' Information:- N. B. Y. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201HR2019PTC079172

Company & Directors' Information:- J B F CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200JK2008PTC002952

Company & Directors' Information:- K R P CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45200MH1989PTC053580

Company & Directors' Information:- R S M CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201DL2005PTC142245

Company & Directors' Information:- K C DAS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U15433WB1946PTC013592

Company & Directors' Information:- R & S CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201BR2012PTC018727

Company & Directors' Information:- B M S CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70101WB2006PTC110196

Company & Directors' Information:- E H CONSTRUCTION CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45209WB1984PTC037174

Company & Directors' Information:- A C K CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45203PN2002PTC017065

Company & Directors' Information:- D. M. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74140WB2000PTC091230

Company & Directors' Information:- B M CONSTRUCTION CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U70101WB1987PTC043414

Company & Directors' Information:- S K L CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201OR2012PTC016144

Company & Directors' Information:- P D CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201MH2007PTC171650

Company & Directors' Information:- A M CONSTRUCTION P LTD. [Active] CIN = U99999WB1990PTC050255

Company & Directors' Information:- J B M CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45209WB2008PTC124938

Company & Directors' Information:- S. Z. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999WB2011PTC163934

Company & Directors' Information:- P K S CONSTRUCTION CO PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200HP2004PTC027694

Company & Directors' Information:- H D G CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1988PTC032183

Company & Directors' Information:- S R B CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201DL2004PTC130817

Company & Directors' Information:- N T C CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201KL2001PTC014853

Company & Directors' Information:- S. P. CONSTRUCTION INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70100WB2019PTC233077

Company & Directors' Information:- S A M CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200HR2020PTC088988

Company & Directors' Information:- C S CONSTRUCTION INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200MH2020PTC346811

Company & Directors' Information:- G B CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74210PB1995PTC016038

Company & Directors' Information:- A K CONSTRUCTION CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45400WB1983PTC035682

Company & Directors' Information:- D. D. A. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201JH2008PTC013043

Company & Directors' Information:- K. G. G. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45400MN2010PTC008256

Company & Directors' Information:- G N B B CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70101AS2004PTC007418

Company & Directors' Information:- H. N. D. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200JH2011PTC015162

Company & Directors' Information:- M E CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45200DL2007PTC171643

Company & Directors' Information:- C S COMPANY CONSTRUCTION LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201KL1997PLC011174

Company & Directors' Information:- L K I CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U70101WB1993PTC058304

Company & Directors' Information:- S K CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45201WB1994PTC065714

Company & Directors' Information:- D K DAS & CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U51909WB1938PTC009288

Company & Directors' Information:- D T M CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45201WB1978PTC031730

Company & Directors' Information:- D L CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45400WB1982PTC035570

Company & Directors' Information:- S V G CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC055629

Company & Directors' Information:- M N P CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200MH1980PTC022351

Company & Directors' Information:- A H A CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45400UP2010PTC040773

Company & Directors' Information:- S T S CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60109WB1996PTC081825

Company & Directors' Information:- J J CONSTRUCTION PVT. LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45200WB1989PTC046714

Company & Directors' Information:- D P CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U70101WB1987PTC042320

Company & Directors' Information:- G S CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45201WB1994PTC063238

Company & Directors' Information:- P S S S K CONSTRUCTION CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45201WB2006PTC107993

Company & Directors' Information:- S E CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45202WB1988PTC044630

Company & Directors' Information:- U C DAS & CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U31200WB1987PTC042709

Company & Directors' Information:- H K CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45201GJ1981PTC004160

Company & Directors' Information:- A V CONSTRUCTION CO PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45202PB1982PTC004971

Company & Directors' Information:- G N CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45202OR2000PTC006244

Company & Directors' Information:- D P T CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45202MH2001PTC131559

Company & Directors' Information:- J CONSTRUCTION INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200TZ2012PTC018250

Company & Directors' Information:- DAS & DAS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51109WB1950PTC019222

Company & Directors' Information:- S K E CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45202JH2012PTC000666

Company & Directors' Information:- A K G CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP and Dissolved] CIN = U45201DL2005PTC134347

Company & Directors' Information:- L J CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL2005PTC142321

Company & Directors' Information:- R H P CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45203MP2001PTC014739

Company & Directors' Information:- A S DAS CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51109WB1957PTC023552

Company & Directors' Information:- R AND M CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45202UP1994PTC017286

Company & Directors' Information:- B AND R CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45201AS1990PTC003431

Company & Directors' Information:- J K CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74210OR1987PTC001858

Company & Directors' Information:- B T CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70101WB1997PTC085448

Company & Directors' Information:- P V CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70100DL1998PTC097116

Company & Directors' Information:- M T CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U26933OR1985PTC001496

Company & Directors' Information:- A K CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U29248UR1982PTC005795

Company & Directors' Information:- P B CONSTRUCTION (INDIA) LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U01131TN1995PLC032650

Company & Directors' Information:- S K P CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201CT2008PTC020585

Company & Directors' Information:- A P G CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400DL2007PTC168160

Company & Directors' Information:- B. CONSTRUCTION PVT. LTD. [Strike Off] CIN = U00894BR1989PTC003616

Company & Directors' Information:- Y S K CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201DL2005PTC134417

Company & Directors' Information:- P K A S CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL2005PTC138117

Company & Directors' Information:- R G M CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Under Process of Striking Off] CIN = U45200BR1992PTC004863

Company & Directors' Information:- A TO Z CONSTRUCTION CO PRIVATE LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U70101DL1987PTC029674

Company & Directors' Information:- O S CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U00351JH1990PTC003764

Company & Directors' Information:- D I CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC061454

Company & Directors' Information:- P N CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP] CIN = U45201DL2003PTC122894

Company & Directors' Information:- A + E CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1990PTC042290

Company & Directors' Information:- S N CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45203OR1983PTC001211

Company & Directors' Information:- DAS-G INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U24304DL2020PTC370609

Company & Directors' Information:- P N R CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U99999MH2006PTC158802

Company & Directors' Information:- J. K. D. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45209PB2009PTC033102

Company & Directors' Information:- B H CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200MH2009PTC193976

Company & Directors' Information:- K L G CONSTRUCTION INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201MH2015PTC264933

Company & Directors' Information:- J W CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400MH2010PTC198916

Company & Directors' Information:- U N CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400PN2014PTC150730

Company & Directors' Information:- G T K CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200MH1996PTC096261

Company & Directors' Information:- J B CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45200MH2004PTC025668

Company & Directors' Information:- U S CONSTRUCTION AND COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45200MH2004PTC149583

Company & Directors' Information:- R M J CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70102UP2010PTC040949

Company & Directors' Information:- M V CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45400WB1967PTC011413

Company & Directors' Information:- A P L CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45209HP2010PTC031395

Company & Directors' Information:- H AND K CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70200HP2014PTC000633

Company & Directors' Information:- I. A. A. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45204DL2011PTC220447

Company & Directors' Information:- R M D CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400DL2008PTC185164

Company & Directors' Information:- A R M CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45400DL2008PTC185770

Company & Directors' Information:- G-5 CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400DL2014PTC265907

Company & Directors' Information:- U P CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45400DL2014PTC271791

Company & Directors' Information:- V 2 S CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400DL2014PTC273750

Company & Directors' Information:- A T N CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45400DL2015PTC288656

Company & Directors' Information:- I G CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201DL1996PTC077365

Company & Directors' Information:- P P S CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201DL2005PTC138608

Company & Directors' Information:- K. C. CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201DL2012PTC231726

Company & Directors' Information:- N R D CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201DL2012PTC244905

Company & Directors' Information:- S A Z CONSTRUCTION COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70102DL2014PTC267130

Company & Directors' Information:- A & Z CONSTRUCTION CO. PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70101DL2012PTC231712

Company & Directors' Information:- B & U CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45203GJ2013PTC075424

Company & Directors' Information:- C P CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U70101WB1988PTC043759

Company & Directors' Information:- DAS CONSTRUCTION CO PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45202KA1978PTC003356

Company & Directors' Information:- K P CONSTRUCTION (INDIA) PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74210WB1985PTC039394

Company & Directors' Information:- T K CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74210WB1985PTC039731

Company & Directors' Information:- A P S CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201BR1986PTC002374

Company & Directors' Information:- A B G S CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45201WB1986PTC040667

Company & Directors' Information:- P K DAS & CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74210WB1955PTC022259

Company & Directors' Information:- B P CONSTRUCTION CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U95201WB1955PTC022488

Company & Directors' Information:- A R CONSTRUCTION PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45201CH1988PTC008459

Company & Directors' Information:- A S G CONSTRUCTION CO. PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70200DL1996PTC075278

Company & Directors' Information:- W & C CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45209PN2006PTC129169

Company & Directors' Information:- T & A CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400DL2007PTC164939

Company & Directors' Information:- S R S S CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400DL2008PTC176504

Company & Directors' Information:- B C R CONSTRUCTION PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U99999MH1979PTC021005

Company & Directors' Information:- THE CONSTRUCTION CO OF INDIA LTD. [Dissolved] CIN = U99999MH1943PLC007425

Company & Directors' Information:- S B CONSTRUCTION CO LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45208WB1947PLC014904

    First Appeal No. A/811/2018

    Decided On, 12 February 2020

    At, West Bengal State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission Kolkata

    By, THE HONOURABLE MR. SAMARESH PRASAD CHOWDHURY
    By, PRESIDING MEMBER

    For the Appellant: Amit Pachel, Advocate. For the Respondents: J.P. Roy, Advocate.



Judgment Text


The instant appeal under Section 15 of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Act’) is at the behest of Opposite Party Nos. 1 and 2 i.e. a proprietorship construction firm represented by its proprietor to impeach the Judgment/final order dated 22.02.2016 passed by the District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum, Howrah (in short, ‘Ld. District Forum’) in Consumer complaint No. 115 of 2015. By the impugned order, the Ld. District Forum allowed the complaint lodged by the respondent No. 1 Sri Palash Das under Section 12 of the Act ex parte without costs with the following directions:

“That the OP Nos. 1 and 2 are directed to return the balance amount being (Rs. 4,15,500/- - Rs. 50,000/-) = Rs. 3,65,000/- to the complainant within 30 days from the date of this order.

The complainant do get an award of Rs. 20,000/- as compensation toward mental agony and harassment and Rs, 5,000/- as litigation costs and the OP Nos. 1 and 2 are directed to pay the same within 30 days from the date of this order i.d., 8% p.a. interest shall be charged on Rs. 3,90,000/- till actual payment.

The complainant is at liberty to put the decree into execution after expiry of the appeal period.”

The respondent herein being complainant lodged the complaint before the Ld. District Forum stating that he entered into an agreement for sale with the Opposite Parties to purchase of a self-contained flat measuring about 750 sq. ft. super built up area on the first floor in a building christened M/s. Parbati Complex lying and situated at holding No. 11, G.T. Road, Serampore, Dist- Hooghly within the local limits of Serampore Municipality at a total consideration of Rs. 8,25,000/- i.e. @ 1100 per sq. ft. The complainant has stated that he has already paid Rs. 4,15,000/- out of said total consideration amount. It was agreed that the developer will handover the flat within December, 2011. However, the complainant has failed to complete the construction till the year 2013 for which the complainant asked for refund of earnest money and the developer has paid back Rs. 50,000/- to the complainant and despite repeated requests and reminders did not returned the balance amount of Rs. 3,65,200/-. Hence, the respondent No. 1 approached the Ld. District Forum with prayer for following reliefs, viz.- (a) refund of Rs. 3,65,000/- together with interest thereon @ 18% p.a. from the date of payment till realisation of the same alternatively to deliver the possession of the flat after receiving the balance consideration of Rs. 4,60,000/-; (b) payment of Rs. 2,00,000/- as compensation for loss or damages suffered by the complainant; (c) litigation costs etc.

Despite service of notice, the appellants or other Opposite Parties did not appear to contest. Under compulsion, the complaint was heard ex parte. After assessing the materials on record, the Ld. District Forum by the impugned order allowed the complaint lodged by the respondent No. 1 with certain directions upon Opposite Party Nos. 1 and 2, as indicated above. Being aggrieved and dissatisfied with the said order, the Opposite Party Nos. 1 and 2 have come up in this commission with the instant appeal.

Mr. Amit Pachal, Ld. Advocate for the appellants has confined his argument only on 2 points, viz.- (i) the Ld. District Forum had no territorial jurisdiction to entertain the complaint in view of the provisions of Section 11(2) of the Act and (ii) when the respondent No. 1 has already received Rs. 50,000/- and claimed refund, he ceased to be a ‘consumer’ and on that ground alone the Ld. District Forum should have dismissed the complaint.

Per contra, Mr. J.P. Roy, Ld. Advocate for respondent No. 1 submits that keeping in view the avowed object behind the legislation of the Act, liberal construction is required to be made and as such the impugned order should not be interfered with on technical ground.

I have scrutinised the materials on record and considered the submission advanced by the Ld. Advocates appearing for the parties.

On the threshold of discussion, we will first consider as to whether the Ld. District Forum had territorial jurisdiction to entertain the complaint. Needless to say, jurisdiction means the authority of a court/forum to administer justice subject to the limitations imposed by law. The limitations are three fold, viz.- (a) as to pecuniary jurisdiction; (b)as to territorial jurisdiction and (c) as to subject matter of the dispute.

Since the appellants have raised the point on territorial jurisdiction, let us see the averment in the petition of complaint. Admittedly, the schedule property is lying and situated within Serampore Municipality which falls within Hooghly district. The OP No. 1, proprietorship firm is carrying on their business from Serampore which also falls within the district of Hooghly. In paragraph 10 of the petition of complaint the complainant has spell out-

“10. That the entire or whole cause of action a rose at Howrah, since the agreement for sale has been executed at Howrah and the respective payment has been made at the house of the complainant within the District Howrah and the Ld. Forum has got the jurisdiction to entertain the present application.”

Now, proper appreciation of the matter, let us have a look to the provisions contained in Section 11(2) of the Act which is set out below:

“A complaint shall be instituted in a District Forum within the local limits of whose jurisdiction-

(a) the opposite party or each of the opposite parties, where there are more than one, at the time of institution of the complaint, actually and voluntarily resides or carries on business or has a branch office or personally works for gain, or

(b) any of the opposite parties, where there are more than one, at the time of the institution of the complaint, actually and voluntarily resides or carries on business or has a branch office or personally works for gain, provided that in such case the permission of the District Forum is given, or the opposite parties who do not reside, or carry on business, or have a branch office, or personally work for gain, as the case may be, acquiesce in such institution or

(c) the cause of action, wholly or in part, arises.”

In the instant case, it is evident that the OPs carry on business from Hooghly District. The complainant lodged the complaint in the District Forum at Howrah only on the plea that the agreement for sale has been executed at Howrah and the respective payment has been made in the house of the complainant within the district Howrah. Such a statement is contrary to the provisions of Section 11(2) of the Act. There is no whisper in the petition of complaint as to how the cause of action wholly or in part arises within the jurisdiction of the Ld. District Forum, Howrah.

Needless to say, an order passed by a Forum/Court without any competency is a nullity in the eye of law. The Ld. District Forum without appreciating the proposition of law and without entering into its competency has passe

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d the impugned order. Therefore, the impugned order being not sustainable in the eye of law, the appeal should be allowed. For the reasons aforesaid, the appeal is allowed on contest. However, there will be no order as to costs. The impugned final order dated 22.02.2016 passed by the Ld. DCDRF, Howrah in complaint case No. 115/2015 is hereby set aside. The complaint is rejected being not maintainable for want of territorial jurisdiction of the Ld. District Forum. However, this order will not debar the respondent No.1/complainant to approach the appropriate forum in accordance with law. The Registrar of the Commission is directed to send a copy of the order to the Ld. District Consumer Dispute Redressal Forum at Howrah for information.
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