w w w . L a w y e r S e r v i c e s . i n



M/s. Galaxy Transport Agencies, Contractors, Traders, Transports & Suppliers v/s M/s. New J.K. Roadways, Fleet Owners And Transport Contractors & Others


Company & Directors' Information:- I S G TRADERS LIMITED [Active] CIN = L51909WB1943PLC011567

Company & Directors' Information:- M TO M TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Amalgamated] CIN = U51100GJ2005PTC046435

Company & Directors' Information:- TRANSPORT CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED [Active] CIN = L70109TG1995PLC019116

Company & Directors' Information:- TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909GJ2001PTC040133

Company & Directors' Information:- M G CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70101DL1997PTC091013

Company & Directors' Information:- I P TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909WB2003PTC097400

Company & Directors' Information:- A N TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U55101DL1994PTC060786

Company & Directors' Information:- TRADERS LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U99999MH1948PLC010149

Company & Directors' Information:- B. S. TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U67120DL1981PTC116873

Company & Directors' Information:- K R TRADERS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U51909AS1987PTC002815

Company & Directors' Information:- A S TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60222TN1981PTC008886

Company & Directors' Information:- ROADWAYS INDIA LTD. [Active] CIN = L63090WB1987PLC041805

Company & Directors' Information:- ROADWAYS INDIA LTD. [Active] CIN = L63090DL1987PLC319212

Company & Directors' Information:- B K B TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U50300JH1990PTC004226

Company & Directors' Information:- R R ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U63011MH2000PTC123732

Company & Directors' Information:- M Y TRANSPORT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U63090UP2002PTC026917

Company & Directors' Information:- D S CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201PB1995PTC017058

Company & Directors' Information:- V V A AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U67190TN1995PTC031152

Company & Directors' Information:- P P SUPPLIERS & AGENCIES PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U51909WB1989PTC045881

Company & Directors' Information:- K P TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60231PN1999PTC013594

Company & Directors' Information:- T S ROADWAYS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U60231WB1993PTC057853

Company & Directors' Information:- D L J P TRADERS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U51909WB1991PTC052047

Company & Directors' Information:- V K TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U22219GJ1997PTC032421

Company & Directors' Information:- D G TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1995PTC064431

Company & Directors' Information:- R. D. TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED. [Active] CIN = U17200MH2007PTC170419

Company & Directors' Information:- C V AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1987PTC027178

Company & Directors' Information:- K H T AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909KA1990PTC010744

Company & Directors' Information:- P C R L AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65991WB1996PTC081326

Company & Directors' Information:- S R B AGENCIES PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U63090WB1988PTC044096

Company & Directors' Information:- R K C TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909WB2009PTC132876

Company & Directors' Information:- G. D. TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51109DL2008PTC177251

Company & Directors' Information:- C AND A AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL2001PTC109761

Company & Directors' Information:- G S TRANSPORT PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U63090WB1989PTC047780

Company & Directors' Information:- R G S TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65921CH1992PTC012297

Company & Directors' Information:- G B TRANSPORT (INDIA) PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U63090WB1979PTC032170

Company & Directors' Information:- K V TRADERS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U17297WB1989PTC047906

Company & Directors' Information:- A & T AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909DL2009PTC188642

Company & Directors' Information:- I T CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U85110KA1999PTC024699

Company & Directors' Information:- V A TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45202WB1996PTC081673

Company & Directors' Information:- B L AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74140MP2009PTC022728

Company & Directors' Information:- M L TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U01404PB2009PTC033017

Company & Directors' Information:- A R TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U01404PB2009PTC033018

Company & Directors' Information:- O. P. TRADERS LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51497PB1994PLC014170

Company & Directors' Information:- S A P TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909HR2011PTC042479

Company & Directors' Information:- R P TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U27109WB1998PTC086732

Company & Directors' Information:- A & G SUPPLIERS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U51909WB2006PTC107562

Company & Directors' Information:- J B SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909WB2002PTC094806

Company & Directors' Information:- J J AGENCIES PVT LTD [Amalgamated] CIN = U51101TN1984PTC062364

Company & Directors' Information:- R R TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51109UP1991PTC013245

Company & Directors' Information:- R K AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65921WB1967PTC027084

Company & Directors' Information:- R G TRADERS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U70101WB1985PTC038436

Company & Directors' Information:- D & T TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC063612

Company & Directors' Information:- I K AGENCIES PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U13209WB1952PTC020229

Company & Directors' Information:- K S CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1991PTC046445

Company & Directors' Information:- H R T TRANSPORT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63031DL1999PTC102593

Company & Directors' Information:- D. C. AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999DL2016PTC304376

Company & Directors' Information:- L K AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U24119WB1997PTC085135

Company & Directors' Information:- J. B. ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210AS1997PTC004956

Company & Directors' Information:- G M TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60100MH1994PTC076183

Company & Directors' Information:- G L TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60200CH2010PTC032269

Company & Directors' Information:- G J AGENCIES PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U51109WB1991PTC052043

Company & Directors' Information:- V A TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1990PTC039480

Company & Directors' Information:- S D CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC063036

Company & Directors' Information:- R K M TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51109WB2008PTC130202

Company & Directors' Information:- N. R. AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65910UP1994PTC016322

Company & Directors' Information:- P AND R TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909AS2006PTC008176

Company & Directors' Information:- R AND P TRANSPORT CO. PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U60231OR2006PTC027280

Company & Directors' Information:- R AND P TRANSPORT CO. PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U60231DL2006PTC149707

Company & Directors' Information:- V. N. TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U63090DL2004PTC125632

Company & Directors' Information:- S K TRADERS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U17299WB1989PTC046495

Company & Directors' Information:- M K SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U25209WB1999PTC090336

Company & Directors' Information:- S D TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909PB2010PTC034457

Company & Directors' Information:- A P R AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Amalgamated] CIN = U74120DL2000PTC107363

Company & Directors' Information:- M M CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1996PTC033022

Company & Directors' Information:- S R B AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51109DL1992PTC050105

Company & Directors' Information:- J. D. J. TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51109WB2008PTC124248

Company & Directors' Information:- N K ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Amalgamated] CIN = U63090GJ1994PTC022670

Company & Directors' Information:- V M CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201KA2010PTC052158

Company & Directors' Information:- S R ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60100MH1996PTC100007

Company & Directors' Information:- N N AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL1999PTC101803

Company & Directors' Information:- A G TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1947PTC001282

Company & Directors' Information:- M U TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP] CIN = U51900AS2008PTC008853

Company & Directors' Information:- T. P. TRADERS PVT. LTD. [Active] CIN = U25209WB1995PTC068943

Company & Directors' Information:- C AND M TRANSPORT P LTD [Active] CIN = U60300MH1994PTC078458

Company & Directors' Information:- N. L. TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U52100UP2012PTC049307

Company & Directors' Information:- G R C TRANSPORT COMPANY PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U63090WB1988PTC044164

Company & Directors' Information:- P T TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U67120AS1999PTC005836

Company & Directors' Information:- E C TRANSPORT LTD [Active] CIN = U63090WB1987PLC043252

Company & Directors' Information:- M K CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U00310BR1992PTC005125

Company & Directors' Information:- D G R TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60231TZ2010PTC016521

Company & Directors' Information:- TRADERS & TRADERS PVT. LTD. [Strike Off] CIN = U51109WB1992PTC055444

Company & Directors' Information:- P T TRANSPORT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U63090WB1989PTC046423

Company & Directors' Information:- S S A T TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U63030TZ2020PTC034749

Company & Directors' Information:- S K TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51109KL2003PTC016071

Company & Directors' Information:- S R J AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909DL1995PTC072463

Company & Directors' Information:- T M M TRANSPORTS INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60210TZ2004PTC011477

Company & Directors' Information:- C P AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51900MH1982PTC027553

Company & Directors' Information:- M I AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909WB2006PTC111379

Company & Directors' Information:- R R CONTRACTORS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45203PB1987PTC007556

Company & Directors' Information:- TRANSPORT INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60230OR2007PTC009590

Company & Directors' Information:- S AND H TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Under Process of Striking Off] CIN = U51909KL1998PTC012688

Company & Directors' Information:- S M SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909WB2009PTC132850

Company & Directors' Information:- B B AGENCIES PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U51109WB1991PTC051042

Company & Directors' Information:- D. J. AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51900TN2008PTC067211

Company & Directors' Information:- R G E AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U00350UP1990PTC075934

Company & Directors' Information:- M M A TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U63090TN2014PTC097248

Company & Directors' Information:- U M D TRADERS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74140WB1988PTC045243

Company & Directors' Information:- A V H TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U10100DL2009PTC193000

Company & Directors' Information:- C R TRANSPORT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63090DL2002PTC115826

Company & Directors' Information:- M & I TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51109MP2008PTC020491

Company & Directors' Information:- L. K. TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U50400HR2011PTC043898

Company & Directors' Information:- A P M TRANSPORT COMPANY LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60231KL1998PLC012555

Company & Directors' Information:- T. G. TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U02710CT2004PTC017051

Company & Directors' Information:- G M CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201DL2005PTC132936

Company & Directors' Information:- M R S CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201DL2005PTC142248

Company & Directors' Information:- J. T. TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U63031WB2007PTC112457

Company & Directors' Information:- R S R TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60210TZ1961PTC000392

Company & Directors' Information:- J AND C CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201DL2004PTC128996

Company & Directors' Information:- S M CONTRACTORS INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U28112OR2000PTC006229

Company & Directors' Information:- P L AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U50100HR1990PTC030793

Company & Directors' Information:- K P CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200DL2008PTC181048

Company & Directors' Information:- M B AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1987PTC028303

Company & Directors' Information:- GALAXY INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1995PTC073209

Company & Directors' Information:- S R AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51311TZ1993PTC004684

Company & Directors' Information:- S K S AGENCIES LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51900TZ2011PLC016844

Company & Directors' Information:- A V TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909AS2010PTC009934

Company & Directors' Information:- B. P. J. TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60221TN2016PTC103957

Company & Directors' Information:- A & A TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63010TN2008PTC070171

Company & Directors' Information:- G M C AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U34102WB1984PTC037193

Company & Directors' Information:- L & G CONTRACTORS AND TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45209PN2020PTC195459

Company & Directors' Information:- A L B AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51909DL1974PTC007574

Company & Directors' Information:- S P TRANSPORT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC059085

Company & Directors' Information:- S I S TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51505TN2006PTC058736

Company & Directors' Information:- K B AGENCIES PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U51209MH1981PTC025176

Company & Directors' Information:- B S CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51395MH1997PTC110222

Company & Directors' Information:- B S N CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74120UP2010PTC039900

Company & Directors' Information:- P G TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74120UP2011PTC043805

Company & Directors' Information:- K A S TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63040TZ2015PTC021305

Company & Directors' Information:- J D AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51109UP2001PTC026118

Company & Directors' Information:- R C TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999UP2016PTC085068

Company & Directors' Information:- M J AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51498WB1993PTC060940

Company & Directors' Information:- M K G TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51494DL2008PTC183965

Company & Directors' Information:- H & A AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999DL2016PTC289499

Company & Directors' Information:- A M SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U26933GJ2001PTC039575

Company & Directors' Information:- K S M TRANSPORTS AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60300TZ2020PTC033997

Company & Directors' Information:- T J TRANSPORTS PVT. LTD. [Strike Off] CIN = U63090WB1993PTC060401

Company & Directors' Information:- S L TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U15109UP1987PTC008981

Company & Directors' Information:- B AND B CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70200DL1999PTC099006

Company & Directors' Information:- K N TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51109DL1984PTC017665

Company & Directors' Information:- B R SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Amalgamated] CIN = U52399DL2009PTC192660

Company & Directors' Information:- S R TRADERS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U51909WB1985PTC039063

Company & Directors' Information:- A B TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60221RJ2000PTC016701

Company & Directors' Information:- T S AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U28991WB1956PTC023146

Company & Directors' Information:- S. M. ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74900WB2013PTC194057

Company & Directors' Information:- R. S. AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP] CIN = U51909WB2010PTC140902

Company & Directors' Information:- G. G. TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210AS2008PTC008576

Company & Directors' Information:- J. M. CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400DL2014PTC267074

Company & Directors' Information:- CONTRACTORS INDIA LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1998PLC095838

Company & Directors' Information:- B. S. ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60300HR2017PTC068016

Company & Directors' Information:- S. S. V. AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909WB2008PTC128302

Company & Directors' Information:- B P TRADERS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U28931WB1980PTC032693

Company & Directors' Information:- K A TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC060650

Company & Directors' Information:- D S SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909WB2003PTC095916

Company & Directors' Information:- G M SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1991PTC043719

Company & Directors' Information:- A P K TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60221TN2005PTC058057

Company & Directors' Information:- A M TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U52100DL1993PTC054323

Company & Directors' Information:- U. K. T. AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1989PTC034659

Company & Directors' Information:- S P S TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63090WB1997PTC085564

Company & Directors' Information:- E K AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U52342OR1994PTC003777

Company & Directors' Information:- K S T AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1992PTC050565

Company & Directors' Information:- O B S TRADERS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U74899DL1990PTC039242

Company & Directors' Information:- TRANSPORT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60210TN1938PTC003051

Company & Directors' Information:- T S R TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60210TZ2002PTC010199

Company & Directors' Information:- A B T TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60210TZ2005PTC012025

Company & Directors' Information:- A B M AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Under Process of Striking Off] CIN = U51399TN2004PTC054301

Company & Directors' Information:- R A AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51310MH2001PTC130448

Company & Directors' Information:- L R CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400UP2010PTC042822

Company & Directors' Information:- A G L TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U63090TN2005PTC056306

Company & Directors' Information:- P N R AGENCIES PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U51109WB2005PTC106271

Company & Directors' Information:- Y. R. TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909WB2011PTC163724

Company & Directors' Information:- K K AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U36992WB1976PTC030699

Company & Directors' Information:- W M TRANSPORT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60210DL2001PTC113547

Company & Directors' Information:- D V S AGENCIES PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U00000DL1983PTC016402

Company & Directors' Information:- D AND S AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Under Process of Striking Off] CIN = U51109DL1993PTC052016

Company & Directors' Information:- GALAXY ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63090KA2002PTC030587

Company & Directors' Information:- V D M TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51392KL2003PTC016586

Company & Directors' Information:- V C TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51496KL2005PTC018548

Company & Directors' Information:- D S AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74120GJ2015PTC083422

Company & Directors' Information:- S R CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70101CH2000PTC023298

Company & Directors' Information:- R A AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909MH1997PTC110053

Company & Directors' Information:- G S C AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U99999DL1992PTC049001

Company & Directors' Information:- M R AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909GJ1960PTC000959

Company & Directors' Information:- J K CONTRACTORS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74210PB1989PTC009210

Company & Directors' Information:- G T C INDIA ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60231DL2000PTC105665

Company & Directors' Information:- J AND J TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U19129UP1992PTC014356

Company & Directors' Information:- B V M TRANSPORT CO. PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U00739KA1998PTC024103

Company & Directors' Information:- P. D. AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1993PTC055259

Company & Directors' Information:- A O TRANSPORT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U99999MH1960PTC011783

Company & Directors' Information:- G M AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U99999MH1994PTC076202

Company & Directors' Information:- B AND M TRADERS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U52321TN1988PTC016066

Company & Directors' Information:- A V V S TRADERS PVT LTD. [Strike Off] CIN = U51102TN1988PTC016437

Company & Directors' Information:- V M TRADERS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U05001UP1990PTC011859

Company & Directors' Information:- NEW INDIA TRANSPORT CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U60221DL1944PTC000751

Company & Directors' Information:- P S S AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51909DL1988PTC032598

Company & Directors' Information:- M M AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U20299KA1977PTC003257

Company & Directors' Information:- B R AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74140GJ1989PTC011998

Company & Directors' Information:- G D M TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909DL2005PTC142470

Company & Directors' Information:- P S S TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210TN1959PTC003752

Company & Directors' Information:- R K CONTRACTORS PVT. LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45201DL1987PTC027998

Company & Directors' Information:- A P TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17297UP1994PTC016102

Company & Directors' Information:- M R TRANSPORT COMPANY PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U63090WB1987PTC042118

Company & Directors' Information:- E G AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51109WB1998PTC087248

Company & Directors' Information:- J. M. D. AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74900WB2009PTC134884

Company & Directors' Information:- S K AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909GJ1988PTC011354

Company & Directors' Information:- R. B. AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74991UP2006PTC032620

Company & Directors' Information:- M N P TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909WB2004PTC097811

Company & Directors' Information:- P R AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP and Dissolved] CIN = U51494MH2001PTC132847

Company & Directors' Information:- V R SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51109WB2005PTC103265

Company & Directors' Information:- J.K. AGENCIES PVT. LTD. [Active] CIN = U51399DL2001PTC110599

Company & Directors' Information:- A K CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70101DL2000PTC108124

Company & Directors' Information:- P P TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63090DL2003PTC119167

Company & Directors' Information:- D D J TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210PB1996PTC019190

Company & Directors' Information:- M M ROADWAYS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U60231AS1986PTC002583

Company & Directors' Information:- M M TRANSPORT PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U60231PB1979PTC004031

Company & Directors' Information:- J P TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60231PB1997PTC019652

Company & Directors' Information:- ROADWAYS TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U99999MH1971PTC015504

Company & Directors' Information:- S. K. V. CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U93000UP2008PTC034564

Company & Directors' Information:- K K SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51109WB2008PTC125618

Company & Directors' Information:- GALAXY AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U52311AP1995PTC019851

Company & Directors' Information:- A A TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1964PTC004250

Company & Directors' Information:- N S ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60231DL2004PTC129569

Company & Directors' Information:- A V B TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909MH2003PTC138973

Company & Directors' Information:- T AND G AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51109DL2000PTC107048

Company & Directors' Information:- N P TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63090OR2012PTC015128

Company & Directors' Information:- S & G SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51398PB2013PTC037751

Company & Directors' Information:- V R G CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45209PB2015PTC039367

Company & Directors' Information:- A B SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U31109RJ2001PTC017064

Company & Directors' Information:- P K P TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60231TZ2004PTC011044

Company & Directors' Information:- R K TRADERS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U31200MH1976PTC018744

Company & Directors' Information:- D AND P TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U52322PN2009PTC133581

Company & Directors' Information:- M M TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51500MH1975PTC018056

Company & Directors' Information:- A F AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51900MH1976PTC018979

Company & Directors' Information:- N R TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51900MH2005PTC157670

Company & Directors' Information:- A N G TRANSPORT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60300MH2013PTC246013

Company & Directors' Information:- M C S AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63090MH2002PTC134911

Company & Directors' Information:- L M A TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63090MH2002PTC135727

Company & Directors' Information:- V. V. SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51109MH2011PTC216176

Company & Directors' Information:- R K TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U23201MH1976PTC018743

Company & Directors' Information:- K G N TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909MH2002PTC137173

Company & Directors' Information:- K. G. N. TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999MH2017PTC301073

Company & Directors' Information:- C J SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400UP2011PTC044916

Company & Directors' Information:- J V CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45400UP2011PTC047876

Company & Directors' Information:- B S TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63040TG2015PTC097190

Company & Directors' Information:- M. P. TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909WB2016PTC215988

Company & Directors' Information:- GALAXY TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED. [Strike Off] CIN = U51909WB2007PTC119218

Company & Directors' Information:- R S SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909WB2011PTC165569

Company & Directors' Information:- K AND A TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60200HP2010PTC031455

Company & Directors' Information:- K. C. TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U63030JK2017PTC009897

Company & Directors' Information:- TRANSPORT TRADERS OF INDIA PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U60210AS1989PTC003240

Company & Directors' Information:- A & T TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51900CH2015PTC035530

Company & Directors' Information:- B M TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909CH2010PTC032424

Company & Directors' Information:- S D AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909CH2012PTC033796

Company & Directors' Information:- S N TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Under Process of Striking Off] CIN = U60200DL2014PTC264029

Company & Directors' Information:- R S C TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U93091DL2006PTC149264

Company & Directors' Information:- N. R. CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45202DL2011PTC229512

Company & Directors' Information:- K. V. S. CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45204DL2011PTC214899

Company & Directors' Information:- G S AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1981PTC011493

Company & Directors' Information:- S M S SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1986PTC025072

Company & Directors' Information:- A S CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1988PTC030738

Company & Directors' Information:- U R TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC056950

Company & Directors' Information:- M M K AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51490DL1990PTC041776

Company & Directors' Information:- L M TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51497DL2014PTC274205

Company & Directors' Information:- S S R K AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909DL2004PTC125313

Company & Directors' Information:- M K R K TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909DL2005PTC141404

Company & Directors' Information:- L K G TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909DL2013PTC249920

Company & Directors' Information:- V B CONTRACTORS & SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U70200DL2010PTC209680

Company & Directors' Information:- G R S TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP] CIN = U51311DL2002PTC116627

Company & Directors' Information:- B K CONTRACTORS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL2000PTC107241

Company & Directors' Information:- G G M TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL2001PTC109116

Company & Directors' Information:- INDIA TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74900DL2014PTC269271

Company & Directors' Information:- A R F CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200DL2011PTC228000

Company & Directors' Information:- S K G TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U52100DL2011PTC213707

Company & Directors' Information:- R J TRANSPORT COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U63010DL2013PTC248305

Company & Directors' Information:- A R S AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51109BR2005PTC011228

Company & Directors' Information:- S M L TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51909AP2010PTC068983

Company & Directors' Information:- S. K. T. TRANSPORT INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60230MP2012PTC028886

Company & Directors' Information:- F & F TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51900MP2010PTC023505

Company & Directors' Information:- H. P. CONTRACTORS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400HR2014PTC051780

Company & Directors' Information:- M G TRADERS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51101KA2012PTC066173

Company & Directors' Information:- V S TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U23109GJ2002PTC040842

Company & Directors' Information:- V AND O TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909MH2020PTC345927

Company & Directors' Information:- AGENCIES PVT LTD [Dissolved] CIN = U74900KL1943PTC000048

Company & Directors' Information:- M C AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51226KL1990PTC005655

Company & Directors' Information:- C P S TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210TZ1961PTC000413

Company & Directors' Information:- D C V TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210TZ1960PTC000375

Company & Directors' Information:- D & R TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74999DL1996PTC081454

Company & Directors' Information:- A C ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63090PB1998PTC021405

Company & Directors' Information:- R S TRADERS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U24119WB1980PTC033197

Company & Directors' Information:- A. L. TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74999DL2000PTC105282

Company & Directors' Information:- M R ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U63090MH1996PTC096285

Company & Directors' Information:- G B AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51109WB1990PTC048136

Company & Directors' Information:- S P SUPPLIERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U57909PB1991PTC011535

Company & Directors' Information:- K S TRADERS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51909PB1990PTC010753

Company & Directors' Information:- P S TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U92490TN1979PTC007957

Company & Directors' Information:- S P TRADERS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51909WB1985PTC038361

Company & Directors' Information:- G. A. AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51109JK1986PTC000852

Company & Directors' Information:- K S J TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51495HP1998PTC021636

Company & Directors' Information:- A B S AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U70200DL1987PTC027234

Company & Directors' Information:- B A B SUPPLIERS LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U24232WB1987PLC042648

Company & Directors' Information:- G AND V AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U65929DL1965PTC004446

Company & Directors' Information:- S S TRADERS AND CO PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U65923DL1959PTC003031

Company & Directors' Information:- A TO Z TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U64200DL1997PTC086157

Company & Directors' Information:- A K L TRADERS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51909MP1989PTC005014

Company & Directors' Information:- S P N AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U99999DL1995PTC068227

Company & Directors' Information:- CONTRACTORS LIMITED [Dissolved] CIN = U99999MH1946PLC010358

Company & Directors' Information:- FLEET AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Dissolved] CIN = U65991TN1956PTC004724

Company & Directors' Information:- R S E AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51909DL1976PTC008040

Company & Directors' Information:- P K TRANSPORTS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U63031DL1981PTC011427

Company & Directors' Information:- T T AGENCIES PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U00894KA1985PTC006617

Company & Directors' Information:- K M S ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210TN1960PTC004352

Company & Directors' Information:- N S R TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210TN1963PTC004978

Company & Directors' Information:- D M ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60210TN1960PTC004257

Company & Directors' Information:- P V E TRANSPORT PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U60210TN1961PTC004682

Company & Directors' Information:- T C S TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210TN1960PTC004103

Company & Directors' Information:- D R AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51109WB1948PTC016264

Company & Directors' Information:- D L M AGENCIES PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51420WB1954PTC021631

Company & Directors' Information:- M P ROADWAYS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210TN1960PTC004077

Company & Directors' Information:- NEW TRADERS PRIVATE LIMITED [Not available for efiling] CIN = U74999PY1957PTC000023

Company & Directors' Information:- TRADERS (INDIA) LIMITED [Dissolved] CIN = U00063KA1947PLC000505

Company & Directors' Information:- NEW INDIA TRANSPORTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U60210TN1943PTC001781

Company & Directors' Information:- THE TRANSPORT COMPANY LIMITED [Dissolved] CIN = U99999MH1940PLC010301

Company & Directors' Information:- AGENCIES (INDIA) LIMITED [Dissolved] CIN = U99999MH1946PTC005200

Company & Directors' Information:- AGENCIES LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U99999MH1948PLC006144

Company & Directors' Information:- TRADERS LIMITED [Dissolved] CIN = U99999MH1951PLC010277

    Civil Appeal No…..of 2020 (@ Special Leave Petition (Civil) No. 12766 of 2020)

    Decided On, 18 December 2020

    At, Supreme Court of India

    By, THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE ROHINTON FALI NARIMAN
    By, THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE NAVIN SINHA & THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE K.M. JOSEPH

    For the Appellant: Rana Mukherjee, Sr. Advocate, Adeel Ahmed, Kanika Sharma, Advocates. For the Respondents: Altaf H. Naik, Sr. Advocate, Atif Suhrawardy, Syed Mehdi Imam, Tabrez Ahmad, Satish Pandey, Shashi Juneja, Advocates.



Judgment Text

R.F. Nariman. J.Leave granted.2. In this appeal, the Inspector General of Police, Kashmir Zone, Zonal Police HQR's Kashmir, Srinagar ["ZPHS"], being Respondent No. 4 before us, invited online tenders (e-tenders) vide e-N.I.T. No. 01 of 2020 dated 18.02.2020 ["N.I.T."] from reputed transporters, registered firms/associations for the supply of various types of commercial vehicles (without fuel) for the carriage of troops and equipment for the Financial Year 2020-2021. Pursuant to the N.I.T., 4 parties, namely, M/s Associated Contractors; M/s Quareshi Transport Co.; M/s Galaxy Transport Agencies, Contractors, Traders, Transports and Suppliers ["Appellant"]; and M/s New J.K. Roadways, Fleet Owners and Transport Contractors ["JK Roadways"] submitted their bids for consideration and the same were uploaded through an e-tendering system. The tender process consisted of a technical bid and a financial bid. The Tender Opening Committee met on 11.03.2020 and found that JK Roadways, Respondent No. 1 herein, and Associated Contractors did not meet the qualifying requirements of the technical bid, leaving Quareshi Transport Co. and the Appellant, who were considered technically eligible for the allotment of the contract. The Appellant's financial bid being the lowest, vide an order dated 30.03.2020, the Appellant was allotted the contract for the supply of commercial vehicles for the Financial Year 2020-2021.3. A writ petition was filed by JK Roadways seeking the quashing of the allotment of the contract in favour of the Appellant. Before the learned Single Judge of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir at Srinagar ["Single Judge"], three contentions qua the Appellant's technical eligibility were made by JK Roadways, which were decided in the following manner, by a judgment dated 30.06.2020:3a. Firstly, the learned Single Judge found that though the service licence of the Appellant was only valid upto 31.03.2020, it had sought an extension of its service licence prior to its expiry. Since a lockdown was imposed on account of the outbreak of COVID-19, a General Order dated 30.03.2020 ["General Order"] was issued, through which the validity of all documents relating to transportation services were deemed to be extended till 30.06.2020. This being the case, this contention was decided against JK Roadways, and it was held that the Appellant fulfilled the eligibility condition of holding a valid service licence.3b. Secondly, it was found that the Appellant did in fact own 30 vehicles including heavy motor vehicles ["HMV"] and light motor vehicles ["LMV"], as a list of 36 vehicles was furnished to ZPHS, the tendering authority. Since a complaint in this regard had been made by the unsuccessful bidders, the same was forwarded to the Senior Superintendent of Police, Srinagar ["SSP"] to ascertain the veracity of the documents furnished. The SSP submitted a report finding that though 5 vehicles were found to be owned by individuals other than the Appellant, 31 vehicles were still owned by the Appellant, as a result of which the eligibility condition was satisfied. It was also found that insofar as 1 vehicle was concerned, it was indeed owned by the Appellant as there existed a typographical error in the registration number of the vehicle.3c.Thirdly, as far as the eligibility criteria of having work experience of at least 5 years, not being less than Rs. 2 crores was concerned, the learned Single Judge found that work experience certificates from 2014 to 2018 were submitted and since the tendering authority was the best judge as to whether such eligibility condition had in fact been satisfied, a judicial hands-off was mandated.3d. Finally, the learned Single Judge concluded:"16. Considering the submissions of the parties and in view of the law laid down by the Supreme Court and also the fact that the contract is for the year 2020-21, which has already commenced w.e.f. 1st April, 2020, public interest would be severely jeopardized if the respondents are not allowed to execute the contract because the bid of respondent No. 5 was the lowest. It is, therefore, in public interest not to interfere in the allotment of contract in favour of respondent No. 5, who satisfied the criteria as laid down in technical bid as he had furnished list of HMV & LMV vehicles which was the most essential condition of the tender. Thus, the petitioner having been found ineligible cannot now question allotment of contract to respondent No. 5 because the petitioner is not similarly situated."4. JK Roadways filed a letters patent appeal before the Division Bench of the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir at Srinagar ["Division Bench"]. By the impugned judgment dated 16.10.2020, the Division Bench recorded:"14) Though the appellant has raised a number of grounds in the appeal yet during the course of arguments, the main thrust of arguments advanced by the learned counsel for the appellant was on the following grounds:(I) That the official respondents were not justified in rejecting bid of the appellant on the ground that it had submitted only the list of heavy motor vehicles and that the list did not contain the particulars of light motor vehicles;(II) That the respondent No.5 despite lacking the requisite experience in supply of vehicles, was awarded the contract, which action has amounted to award of contract in favour of an ineligible bidder to the exclusion of an eligible bidder."5. After setting out Condition No. 31 of the N.I.T., the Division Bench concluded:"16) From a perusal of the aforesaid condition, it is clear that the official respondents while formulating the tender notice have used the expression "HMV/LMV" meaning thereby that a tenderer had the option of furnishing the particulars of either HMVs or LMVs or both types of vehicles. No other construction can be given to the expression "HMV/LMV". If the official respondents desired that a tenderer must own both types of vehicles i.e. HMVs as well as LMVs, they could have easily used the word "and" instead of"/" in between HMV and LMV in the tender notice, use whereof refers to "or". This is not the case over here. Thus, if the appellant has furnished the list of Heavy Motor Vehicles only, he has done what a reasonable and prudent person would do upon going through the tender condition quoted hereinabove. The action of the official respondents of rejection of technical bid of the appellant on the ground of non-furnishing of list of both types of vehicle is, therefore, irrational, arbitrary and perverse. Therefore, the contention of the appellant in this regard is full of substance and deserves to be accepted.17) Mr. B. A. Dar, Sr. AAG, has submitted that the tender notice condition stated "both HMV/LMV" which meant that the tenderers had to provide details of both HMV and LMV vehicles. Per contra learned Sr. counsel for the appellant has contended that the very appellant was found eligible in respect of the same condition and was awarded the same work for the previous five years which was satisfactorily completed.18) We are unable to agree with the submission of Sr. AAG. As already noted, if the respondents required provision of details of both HMV and LMV vehicles, they would have placed "and" between them. This has not been done."6. As a result, the Division Bench found that JK Roadways, having satisfied Condition No. 31 of the N.I.T., was wrongly disqualified by the tendering authority. So far as the requirement under Condition No. 27 of the N.I.T. of holding work experience of at least 5 years was concerned, the Division Bench found that the Appellant had experience of supplying vehicles only for a few months in the years2014 and 2015 and therefore, the Appellant could, at best, be said to hold work experience of supplying vehicles for 1 year only. Thus, Condition No. 27 of the N.I.T., being an essential condition, remained unfulfilled by the Appellant. Resultantly, the judgment of the Single Judge dated 30.06.2020 was set aside and the contract awarded in favour of the Appellant was quashed. The official respondents were directed to invite fresh tenders and complete the process within a period of 1 month from the date of the order of the Division Bench.7. On 04.11.2020, this Court issued the following order:"Issue notice.There shall be an ad-interim stay of operation of the impugned judgment and order of the High Court.Counter affidavit within one week by Respondent No.1. Likewise, counter affidavit to be filed by the State within two weeks. Rejoinder affidavit within one week thereafter."8. As a result of this Court's order, the Appellant has continued executing the awarded work till date, with roughly 3 months left for the completion of the contract period.9. Shri Rana Mukherjee, learned senior advocate appearing on behalf of the Appellant, argued that the Division Bench was wrong on both counts. According to him, a plain reading of Condition No. 31 of the N.I.T. showed that "both HMV/LMV" had to be supplied, and as JK Roadways only supplied a list of HMVs, it was obviously ineligible. Further, he placed reliance upon the judgments of this Court stating that the authority that floats the tender is the best judge on how a tender condition should be read. Accordingly, the Division Bench overstepped its mark in construing the eligibility conditions of the N.I.T. contrary to the tendering authority's interpretation. Insofar as the work experience condition was concerned, he adverted to the work experience certificates from the Financial Years 2014-2015 to 2018-2019, which showed that the Appellant possessed the necessary work experience, which had also been demonstrated to the Tender Opening Committee, which had, in turn, reflected the same in a tender scrutiny report, showing that it had applied its mind in rendering the Appellant a technically qualified bidder. With respect to the service licence, Shri Mukherjee relied upon the conclusions of the Single Judge and stated that since this contention was given up before the Division Bench, this Court ought not to allow this point to be re-agitated.10. Shri Altaf H. Naik, learned senior advocate appearing on behalf of JK Roadways, reiterated the three submissions made before the Single Judge and also sought to argue that the work experience certificates supplied by the Appellant were in the name of "Galaxy Agencies" and therefore, could not be counted to the credit of the Appellant. He vehemently argued that the Appellant did not possess a service licence for the relevant period, the licence having expired on 31.03.2020 and not having been renewed by the General Order, when properly read. Thus, the eligibility conditions were not satisfied by the Appellant. Equally, the Division Bench was right in saying that insofar as the work experience requirement was concerned, the Appellant had only 1 year of experience, which would not meet the essential requirement of the N.I.T. Finally, he also advanced submissions on JK Roadways being qualified on a reading of Condition No. 27 of the N.I.T.11. Smt. Shashi Juneja, additional standing counsel appearing on behalf of the Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir, supported the grant of the contract in favour of the Appellant and said that the Division Bench was incorrect in its construction of Condition No. 27 of the N.I.T. She also submitted that the Tender Opening Committee, being an expert body and having scrutinised the documents supplied by the Appellant, cannot now be second-guessed by the judgment of the High Court.12. Having heard the learned counsel for the parties, it is first necessary to set out the N.I.T.'s "Terms and Conditions/Qualifying Criteria". Condition Nos. 27 and 31 of the N.I.T., which are material to this case, state as follows:"Terms and Conditions/Qualifying Criteriaxxx xxx xxx27. The firm/association shall have working experience of at least Five years with documentary proof and work should not [be] less [than] 2 Crores.xxx xxx xxx31. The firm/tenderer should have owned at least 30 nos. of vehicles both HMV/LMV and attached 200 vehicles with the firm alongwith documentary proof."13. Even a cursory glance at Condition No. 31 of the N.I.T. would show that the 30 vehicles referred to, are "both HMV/LMV". The tendering authority has construed this condition to mean that both types of vehicles, i.e., HMV and LMV, need to be included in the list of the 30 vehicles submitted by each bidder.14. In a series of judgments, this Court has held that the authority that authors the tender document is the best person to understand and appreciate its requirements, and thus, its interpretation should not be second-guessed by a court in judicial review proceedings. In Afcons Infrastructure Ltd. vs. Nagpur Metro Rail Corporation Ltd., 2016 (16) SCC 818, this Court held:"15. We may add that the owner or the employer of a project, having authored the tender documents, is the best person to understand and appreciate its reguirements and interpret its documents. The constitutional courts must defer to this understanding and appreciation of the tender documents, unless there is mala fide or perversity in the understanding or appreciation or in the application of the terms of the tender conditions. It is possible that the owner or employer of a project may give an interpretation to the tender documents that is not acceptable to the constitutional courts but that by itself is not a reason for interfering with the interpretation given." (page 825) (emphasis supplied)15. In the judgment in Bharat Coking Coal Ltd. vs. AMR Dev Prabha 2020 SCC OnLine SC 335, under the heading "Deference to authority's interpretation", this Court stated:"51. Lastly, we deem it necessary to deal with another fundamental problem. It is obvious that Respondent No. 1 seeks to only enforce terms of the NIT. Inherent in such exercise is interpretation of contractual terms. However, it must be noted that judicial interpretation of contracts in the sphere of commerce stands on a distinct footing than while interpreting statutes.52. In the present facts, it is clear that BCCL and India have laid recourse to Clauses of the NIT, whether it be to justify condonation of delay of Respondent No. 6 in submitting performance bank guarantees or their decision to resume auction on grounds of technical failure. BCCL having authored these documents, is better placed to appreciate their requirements and interpret them. (Afcons Infrastructure Ltd vs. Nagpur Metro Rail Corporation Ltd, (2016) 16 SCC 818 at para 15)53. The High Court ought to have deferred to this understanding, unless it was patently perverse or mala fide. Given how BCCL's interpretation of these clauses was plausible and not absurd, solely differences in opinion of contractual interpretation ought not to have been grounds for the High Court to come to a finding that the appellant committed illegality." (emphasis supplied)16. Further, in the recent judgment in Silppi Constructions Contractors v. Union of India, 2019 SCC OnLine SC 1133, this Court held as follows:"20. The essence of the law laid down in the judgments referred to above is the exercise of restraint and caution; the need for overwhelming public interest to justify judicial intervention in matters of contract involving the state instrumentalities; the courts should give way to the opinion of the experts unless the decision is totally arbitrary or unreasonable; the court does not sit like a court of appeal over the appropriate authority; the court must realise that the authority floating the tender is the best judge of its requirements and, therefore, the court's interference should be minimal. The authority which floats the contract or tender, and has authored the tender documents is the best judge as to how the documents have to be interpreted. If two interpretations are possible then the interpretation of the author must be accepted. The courts will only interfere to prevent arbitrariness, irrationality, bias, mala fides or perversity. With this approach in mind we shall deal with the present case." (emphasis supplied)17. In accordance with these judgments and noting that the interpretation of the tendering authority in this case cannot be said to be a perverse one, the Division Bench ought not to have interfered with it by giving its own interpretation and not giving proper credence to the word "both" appearing in Condition No. 31 of the N.I.T. For this reason, the Division Bench's conclusion that JK Roadways was wrongly declared to be ineligible, is set aside.18. Insofar as Condition No. 27 of the N.I.T. prescribing work experience of at least 5 years of not less than the value of Rs. 2 crores is concerned, suffice it to say that the expert body, being the Tender Opening Committee, consisting of four members, clearly found that this eligibility condition had been satisfied by the Appellant before us. Without therefore going into the assessment of the documents that have been supplied to this Court, it is well settled that unless arbitrariness or mala fide on the part of the tendering authority is alleged, the expert evaluation of a particular tender, particularly when it comes to technical evaluation, is not to be second-guessed by a writ court. Thus, in Jagdish Mandal vs. State of Orissa, (2007) 14 SCC 517, this Court noted:"22. Judicial review of administrative action is intended to prevent arbitrariness, irrationality, unreasonableness, bias and mala fides. Its purpose is to check whether choice or decision is made "lawfully" and not to check whether choice or decision is "sound". When the power of judicial review is invoked in matters relating to tenders or award of contracts, certain special features should be borne in mind. A contract is a commercial transaction. Evaluating tenders and awarding contracts are essentially commercial functions. Principles of equity and natural justice stay at a distance. If the decision relating to award of contract is bona fide and is in public interest-courts will not, in exercise of power of judicial review, interfere even if a procedural aberration or error in assessment or prejudice to a tenderer, is made out. The power of judicial review will not be permitted to be invoked to protect private interest at the cost of public interest, or to decide contractual disputes. The tenderer or contractor with a grievance can always seek damages in a civil court. Attempts by unsuccessful tenderers with imaginary grievances, wounded pride and business rivalry, to make mountains out of molehills of some technical/procedural violation or some prejudice to self, and persuade courts to interfere by exercising power of judicial review, should be resisted. Such interferences, either interim or final, may hold up public works for years, or delay relief and succour to thousands and millions and may increase the project cost manifold. Therefore, a court before interfering in tender or contractual matters in exercise of power of judicial review, should pose to itself the following questions:(i) Whether the process adopted or decision made by the authority is mala fide or intended to favour someone;orWhether the process adopted or decision made is so arbitrary and irrational that the court can say: "the decision is such that no responsible authority acting reasonably and in accordance with relevant law could have reached";(ii) Whether public interest is affected.If the answers are in the negative, there should be no interference under Article 226. Cases involving blacklisting or imposition of penal consequences on a tenderer/contractor or distribution of State largesse (allotment of sites/shops, grant of licences, dealerships and franchises) stand on a different footing as they may require a higher degree of fairness in action." (pages 531-532) (emphasis supplied)19. Similarly, in Montecarlo Ltd. v. NTPC Ltd., 2016 (15) SCC 272, this Court stated as follows:"26. We respectfully concur with the aforesaid statement of law. We have reasons to do so. In the present scenario, tenders are floated and offers are invited for highly complex technical subjects. It requires understanding and appreciation of the nature of work and the purpose it is going to serve. It is common knowledge in the competitive commercial field that technical bids pursuant to the notice inviting tenders are scrutinised by the technical experts and sometimes third-party assistance from those unconnected with the owner's organisation is taken. This ensures objectivity. Bidder's expertise and technical capability and capacity must be assessed by the experts. In the matters of financial assessment, consultants are appointed. It is because to check and ascertain that technical ability and the financial feasibility have sanguinity and are workable and realistic. There is a multi-prong complex approach; highly technical in nature. The tenders where public largesse is put to auction stand on a different compartment. Tender with which we are concerned, is not comparable to any scheme for allotment. This arena which we have referred requires technical expertise. Parameters applied are different.

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Its aim is to achieve high degree of perfection in execution and adherence to the time schedule. But, that does not mean, these tenders will escape scrutiny of judicial review. Exercise of power of judicial review would be called for if the approach is arbitrary or mala fide or procedure adopted is meant to favour one. The decision-making process should clearly show that the said maladies are kept at bay. But where a decision is taken that is manifestly in consonance with the language of the tender document or subserves the purpose for which the tender is floated, the court should follow the principle of restraint. Technical evaluation or comparison by the court would be impermissible. The principle that is applied to scan and understand an ordinary instrument relatable to contract in other spheres has to be treated differently than interpreting and appreciating tender documents relating to technical works and projects requiring special skills. The owner should be allowed to carry out the purpose and there has to be allowance of free play in the joints." (page 288)20. This being the case, we are unable to fathom how the Division Bench, on its own appraisal, arrived at the conclusion that the Appellant held work experience of only 1 year, substituting the appraisal of the expert four-member Tender Opening Committee with its own.21. As was correctly pointed out by Shri Mukherjee, learned senior counsel appearing on behalf of the Appellant, the contention as to the invalidity of the Appellant's service licence for the requisite period does not appear to have been argued before the Division Bench, though argued before and rejected by the learned Single Judge. This being the case, we do not think that the scope of this appeal be enlarged to include any such point which appears to have been given up before the Division Bench.22. Also, the argument that the Appellant has submitted work experience certificates in the name of "Galaxy Agencies", which is a separate entity from "Galaxy Transport Agency", has not been argued either before the Single Judge or before the Division Bench. In this circumstance, we reject this point also.23. The Division Bench's judgment dated 16.10.2020 is therefore set aside and the learned Single Judge's judgment dated 30.06.2020 is restored. The appeal is disposed of in the aforesaid terms.
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