w w w . L a w y e r S e r v i c e s . i n



M/s. Arun Excello Constructions LLP, Represented by its Partner, A.M. Sundar v/s The Commissioner, Office of the Director of Town & Country Planning, Chennai & Others


Company & Directors' Information:- C & C CONSTRUCTIONS LIMITED [Active] CIN = L45201DL1996PLC080401

Company & Directors' Information:- S V CORPORATION LLP [Active] CIN = AAQ-7877

Company & Directors' Information:- A G R CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45200TG1997PTC028180

Company & Directors' Information:- V R G CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45208TN2013PTC090378

Company & Directors' Information:- A R R S CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45202TZ2008PTC014926

Company & Directors' Information:- S K CONSTRUCTIONS LIMITED [Amalgamated] CIN = U45200DL1972PLC006224

Company & Directors' Information:- M R CONSTRUCTIONS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45202WB1987PTC041958

Company & Directors' Information:- A P T AND CO LLP [] CIN = AAL-8025

Company & Directors' Information:- R D N A AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAM-4183

Company & Directors' Information:- R A CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74120DL1999PTC101132

Company & Directors' Information:- C L S CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1995PTC074067

Company & Directors' Information:- C A P A (INDIA) LLP [] CIN = AAF-9325

Company & Directors' Information:- A K L R & CO LLP [] CIN = AAK-5155

Company & Directors' Information:- V Y CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45201UP2014PTC062964

Company & Directors' Information:- M D S & CO LLP [] CIN = AAF-2760

Company & Directors' Information:- A A A M & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-1669

Company & Directors' Information:- S I A CONSTRUCTIONS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45202WB1993PTC061189

Company & Directors' Information:- J AND M CONSTRUCTIONS LLP [] CIN = AAF-9691

Company & Directors' Information:- R C A AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-3441

Company & Directors' Information:- D B Y & CO LLP [] CIN = AAF-3364

Company & Directors' Information:- C A N V A S & CO LLP [] CIN = AAG-1661

Company & Directors' Information:- N S V CONSTRUCTIONS LLP [Active] CIN = AAC-1834

Company & Directors' Information:- D K C INDIA LLP [Active] CIN = AAZ-0766

Company & Directors' Information:- E I U INDIA LLP [] CIN = AAG-0189

Company & Directors' Information:- S S S R & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAS-6238

Company & Directors' Information:- K P C CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45204DL2012PTC233771

Company & Directors' Information:- M R Y CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45400DL2008PTC172953

Company & Directors' Information:- ARUN CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201TN1995PTC031375

Company & Directors' Information:- A P CONSTRUCTIONS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U74210WB1979PTC032397

Company & Directors' Information:- J N D CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201DL1997PTC088802

Company & Directors' Information:- M B S P & CO LLP [] CIN = AAI-4025

Company & Directors' Information:- B P CONSTRUCTIONS LLP [] CIN = AAI-4334

Company & Directors' Information:- Y N G AND CO LLP [] CIN = AAJ-6096

Company & Directors' Information:- ECOIRIA LLP [Active] CIN = AAO-2501

Company & Directors' Information:- H & Y CONSTRUCTIONS LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-6192

Company & Directors' Information:- V S K A & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-5542

Company & Directors' Information:- A M H K LLP [Active] CIN = AAZ-0237

Company & Directors' Information:- F A M S & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-9603

Company & Directors' Information:- N K R G AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAX-4256

Company & Directors' Information:- H N C P & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-5981

Company & Directors' Information:- V G R A N D & CO LLP [Under Process Of Strike Off] CIN = AAO-5777

Company & Directors' Information:- B G CONSTRUCTIONS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U70109WB1989PTC046859

Company & Directors' Information:- N C CONSTRUCTIONS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U70101WB1987PTC042382

Company & Directors' Information:- J. N. CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45200BR2011PTC017019

Company & Directors' Information:- R S A C & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAX-1702

Company & Directors' Information:- A B D AND CO LLP [] CIN = AAG-4228

Company & Directors' Information:- D G K T & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAY-0763

Company & Directors' Information:- R H D B & CO LLP [] CIN = AAF-9564

Company & Directors' Information:- N J S R & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAS-6904

Company & Directors' Information:- M A M CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201TZ2003PTC010667

Company & Directors' Information:- Y P S CONSTRUCTIONS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U45201CH1993PTC013953

Company & Directors' Information:- M S T S AND CO LLP [] CIN = AAJ-9789

Company & Directors' Information:- A G N & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-3343

Company & Directors' Information:- A H S G & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-8429

Company & Directors' Information:- S M B CORPORATION LLP [Active] CIN = ABA-6698

Company & Directors' Information:- J K J S & CO. LLP [] CIN = AAI-5880

Company & Directors' Information:- P R AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-4788

Company & Directors' Information:- B. R. B. CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1990PTC039632

Company & Directors' Information:- N. M. CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899DL1995PTC067227

Company & Directors' Information:- A B A M & CO. LLP [] CIN = AAF-2113

Company & Directors' Information:- M N S H & CO LLP [] CIN = AAG-4390

Company & Directors' Information:- T & R INDIA LLP [] CIN = AAH-4079

Company & Directors' Information:- S G S R & CO LLP [] CIN = AAH-3391

Company & Directors' Information:- D M M & COMPANY LLP [] CIN = AAJ-7431

Company & Directors' Information:- Y S K AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-5713

Company & Directors' Information:- A J C CONSTRUCTIONS LLP [Active] CIN = AAX-7953

Company & Directors' Information:- S P R M & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAZ-7910

Company & Directors' Information:- J K K & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAX-1522

Company & Directors' Information:- K L S AND CO LLP [] CIN = AAJ-7210

Company & Directors' Information:- A Y K J & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAS-7373

Company & Directors' Information:- K N A AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-0083

Company & Directors' Information:- H S K & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-9072

Company & Directors' Information:- S D U AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAM-9609

Company & Directors' Information:- K & H CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U45400MH2011PTC218327

Company & Directors' Information:- S R R CONSTRUCTIONS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45202MH1982PTC027359

Company & Directors' Information:- C B N CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45400HR2010PTC040454

Company & Directors' Information:- M T J CONSTRUCTIONS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U45201KA1991PTC011684

Company & Directors' Information:- A P A R & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAS-8336

Company & Directors' Information:- A A M K & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-0385

Company & Directors' Information:- V U D & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-1391

Company & Directors' Information:- A K M W AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAF-4352

Company & Directors' Information:- M B D & CO LLP [] CIN = AAG-6725

Company & Directors' Information:- S R J N & CO LLP [] CIN = AAH-0969

Company & Directors' Information:- A T M S & CO LLP [] CIN = AAH-2210

Company & Directors' Information:- J J J AND COMPANY LLP [] CIN = AAH-6513

Company & Directors' Information:- B G K & CO LLP [] CIN = AAI-2849

Company & Directors' Information:- M N K D & CO LLP [] CIN = AAI-9526

Company & Directors' Information:- D S R V AND CO LLP [] CIN = AAJ-5358

Company & Directors' Information:- K D M AND CO LLP [] CIN = AAJ-9144

Company & Directors' Information:- S P K G & CO LLP [] CIN = AAK-1705

Company & Directors' Information:- V D S R & CO LLP [] CIN = AAK-2237

Company & Directors' Information:- M A S P N & CO LLP [] CIN = AAK-4575

Company & Directors' Information:- G AND G CONSTRUCTIONS LLP [] CIN = AAK-4963

Company & Directors' Information:- A T K CONSTRUCTIONS LLP [] CIN = AAL-2813

Company & Directors' Information:- N P K & COMPANY LLP [] CIN = AAL-7453

Company & Directors' Information:- S S G G & CO LLP [Defunct] CIN = AAN-1510

Company & Directors' Information:- J B S K & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-2033

Company & Directors' Information:- B M M A & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-1144

Company & Directors' Information:- S L V N CONSTRUCTIONS LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-2625

Company & Directors' Information:- J N V AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-2581

Company & Directors' Information:- S K Y A & CO LLP [Defunct] CIN = AAN-4183

Company & Directors' Information:- D R P B AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-7871

Company & Directors' Information:- PALVIT DEVELOPERS LLP [Active] CIN = AAO-3310

Company & Directors' Information:- N G V R AND COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAO-4093

Company & Directors' Information:- B D S D & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAO-4834

Company & Directors' Information:- J A S N & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAP-0336

Company & Directors' Information:- R S A G AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAP-1444

Company & Directors' Information:- D G K & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAR-1732

Company & Directors' Information:- M J P T & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAS-1307

Company & Directors' Information:- A B N P & CO. LLP [Active] CIN = AAS-5187

Company & Directors' Information:- P R P A & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-7868

Company & Directors' Information:- S M B C & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-0557

Company & Directors' Information:- L M R K & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAV-4030

Company & Directors' Information:- S L B M AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAV-4289

Company & Directors' Information:- R J S K CONSTRUCTIONS LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-1733

Company & Directors' Information:- J S S T & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-6401

Company & Directors' Information:- S J V & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-6847

Company & Directors' Information:- V K & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-7564

Company & Directors' Information:- D A M & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-8134

Company & Directors' Information:- V O K AND COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-8164

Company & Directors' Information:- N A D & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-9504

Company & Directors' Information:- A B R & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAX-0331

Company & Directors' Information:- V H P A & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAY-1712

Company & Directors' Information:- S N P R K AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAY-1761

Company & Directors' Information:- N C A P & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAY-2026

Company & Directors' Information:- Z & P CONSTRUCTIONS LLP [Active] CIN = AAY-2137

Company & Directors' Information:- N A M S & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAZ-1136

Company & Directors' Information:- G G S B & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-7106

Company & Directors' Information:- B M P S & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-9364

Company & Directors' Information:- S K D M & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAO-2808

Company & Directors' Information:- A S C B S R AND COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = ABA-5394

Company & Directors' Information:- J K J & CO LLP [] CIN = AAE-5439

Company & Directors' Information:- S G C O & CO LLP [] CIN = AAI-0379

Company & Directors' Information:- G P S & CO LLP [] CIN = AAI-0872

Company & Directors' Information:- K K A B & CO LLP [] CIN = AAJ-3296

Company & Directors' Information:- C S D AND CO LLP [] CIN = AAJ-4629

Company & Directors' Information:- M P G V & CO LLP [] CIN = AAJ-5351

Company & Directors' Information:- A T S G & CO LLP [] CIN = AAK-3751

Company & Directors' Information:- G G S H & CO. LLP [] CIN = AAL-8083

Company & Directors' Information:- J N S V & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAM-6900

Company & Directors' Information:- A T J & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-1764

Company & Directors' Information:- S P K T & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-7572

Company & Directors' Information:- S H A & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAO-4028

Company & Directors' Information:- R S S P K & CO LLP [Under Process Of Strike Off] CIN = AAR-2109

Company & Directors' Information:- A A S S & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-4426

Company & Directors' Information:- R R S J & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAV-8062

Company & Directors' Information:- J K A J & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-3946

Company & Directors' Information:- S S A A N & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAX-4893

Company & Directors' Information:- A R B R & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAX-6334

Company & Directors' Information:- S K B & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-5051

Company & Directors' Information:- P R S S & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-2115

Company & Directors' Information:- V M V H AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAS-2193

Company & Directors' Information:- G A S A & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-4365

Company & Directors' Information:- S P A S AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAS-9005

Company & Directors' Information:- S K R AND COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAB-9330

Company & Directors' Information:- C S AND CO LLP [] CIN = AAL-5204

Company & Directors' Information:- G A R G S & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-2727

Company & Directors' Information:- M M G S AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-8857

Company & Directors' Information:- A J M S & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAS-6794

Company & Directors' Information:- S B S S & CO LLP [] CIN = AAG-2178

Company & Directors' Information:- P Y S & CO LLP [] CIN = AAG-9715

Company & Directors' Information:- A G A K & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAN-5853

Company & Directors' Information:- P U M & CO LLP [Under Process Of Strike Off] CIN = AAP-1869

Company & Directors' Information:- P V R A & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAP-2457

Company & Directors' Information:- K S N C & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAQ-8095

Company & Directors' Information:- A R N P AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAS-7063

Company & Directors' Information:- N M G K & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-2181

Company & Directors' Information:- S H A P AND COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-5309

Company & Directors' Information:- B K Y & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-7172

Company & Directors' Information:- B R D P & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAV-4924

Company & Directors' Information:- S S P M & COMPANY LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-8509

Company & Directors' Information:- B R M R & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAY-2407

Company & Directors' Information:- P B R C & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-9421

Company & Directors' Information:- S R B A & CO LLP [] CIN = AAF-9001

Company & Directors' Information:- C S M & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAW-1462

Company & Directors' Information:- A C C A & CO LLP [] CIN = AAF-2112

Company & Directors' Information:- K A M AND CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAU-7380

Company & Directors' Information:- S C M K & CO LLP [Active] CIN = AAT-2422

    W.P. No. 30578 of 2019 & WMP No. 30635 of 2019

    Decided On, 10 March 2020

    At, High Court of Judicature at Madras

    By, THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE N. ANAND VENKATESH

    For the Petitioner: AR.L. Sundaresan, Senior Counsel, R. Kamala Rani, Advocate. For the Respondents: R1, R2, R5 & R6, S. Rajagopal, Additional Advocate General Asst.by E. Balamurugan, Special Government Pleader, R3, P. Srinivas, Standing Counsel, R4, Vijayaprasanth, Special Government Pleader.



Judgment Text

(Prayer: Writ petition filed under Article 226 of the Constitution of India praying to issue a Writ of Certiorarified Mandamus calling for the records relating to the proceedings of the 3rd respondent herein bearing Na.Ka.No.2974/A1 dated 14.10.2019 in respect of survey No.477/1B, 477/2B and 477/3B in Sengundram Village, Maraimalar Municipality and quash the same and consequently forbear the respondents from in any manner interfering with the development of the property by the petitioner in accordance with the building plan which was duly granted and approved by the respondents herein.)1. This writ petition has been filed challenging the proceedings of the 3rd respondent dated 14.10.2019 and consequently to forbear the respondents from interfering with the development of the property made by the petitioner in accordance with the approval given by the concerned authorities.2. The case of the petitioner is that they have purchased the property in the year 2017, by a registered Sale Deed dated 03.07.2017. The petitioner decided to develop the property by putting up constructions consisting of residential units. The petitioner therefore, submitted proposal for grant of plan approval to the 1st and 2nd respondents. The petitioner was directed to produce No Objection Certificates [NOC] from the concerned authorities. The petitioner submitted all the certificates. Ultimately, the site was inspected by the 2nd respondent. The 2nd respondent also gave a certificate to the effect that the site does not fall within the reserved Forest area and therefore, there is no requirement to produce any NOC from the Forest Department. Even though, initially a condition was imposed to produce NOC from the Forest Department, the same was deleted by the proceedings of the 1st respondent dated 28.02.2019.3. The 2nd respondent thereafter by proceedings dated 11.03.2019, gave approval for the proposed development and consequently, the 3rd respondent also gave building permit by proceedings dated 25.03.2019. The petitioner thereafter registered the project under the Tamil Nadu Real Estate Regulatory Authority as per Act, on 07.05.2019. Thereafter, the 4th respondent had sent a communication to the 2nd respondent stating that the property falls within the reserved Forest and therefore, a clarification was sought for. Consequently, the 3rd respondent suspended the approval granted through the impugned proceedings dated 14.10.2019. Aggrieved by the same, the present writ petition has been filed before this Court.4. This Court initially granted an order of Status quo and directed the petitioner not to make any alteration to the physical features. In the meantime, this Court had already directed the 6th respondent to file a report on the action taken based on the letter dated 02.09.2018, sent by the 4th respondent.5. A Status Report was filed by the District Collector, before this Court. The relevant portions in the Status Report is extracted hereunder:"7. It is submitted that as per the Fort St.George Gazette No.52 dated 23.12.1924, 400 acres of land in Sengundram Village of Chengalpattu District (formerly Kancheepuram District) which was previously a pocket of reserved forest area, was de-reserved with effect from December 23rd of 1924.8. Furthermore, it is submitted that in the above Gazette declaration dated 23.12.1924, the exact boundaries, like abutting S.Nos. and village stones, of the 400 acres of forest land de-reserved in Senkundram Village were clearly indicated.9. It is respectfully submitted that taking the fact of de-reservation of 400 acres of forest land (vide the Fort St. George gazette dated December, 23, 1924) which was previously part of Senkundram reserved forest, and was comprised in S.No.423 as per the RSR of the year 1911, as a point of departure, and relying upon the present-day topographic survey conducted by the Taluk surveyors to trace the boundaries of the 400 acres of de-reserved forest land mentioned supra by using the details of boundaries mentioned in the said gazette dated 23.12.1927 as abutting the said forest land, the following conclusions could be arrived upon.1) The boundaries of the above mentioned 400 acres of de-reserved forest lands as mentioned in the above-said gazette coincide with and get perfectly superimposed on the piece of 400 acres of land identified through present-day survey done on the basis of the details of boundaries given in the said gazette notification which declared the forest land in S.No.423 as de-reserved forest.2) The S.Nos.477/1,2&3 have also been identified as having been encompassed within the said 400 acres of the de-reserved forest land.3) The S.Nos.477/1,2&3, being the entities comprised within the above 400 acres of de-reserved forest land, are visibly the non-forest land belonging to the private i.e., to the petitioner institution.Further, it is submitted that the following are the various survey numbers, including the disputed S.Nos.477, which were identified to have been comprised in the above said 400 acres of de-reserved forest land.----------------------------------------------------------------------Survey Numbers 483, 291, 292, 293, 294, 466, 467, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513 and 514 of Senkundram Village in Chengalpattu District.----------------------------------------------------------------------6. The learned Additional Advocate General appearing on behalf of the respondents 1, 2, 5 & 6, submitted that the property belonging to the petitioner does not fall within the reserved Forest area. For this purpose, the learned Additional Advocate General apart from relying upon the stand taken by the District Collector in the Status Report, also relied upon two Gazette Notifications. The first Gazette Notification was issued in the year 1924, in Gazette Notification No.355 wherein, it is found that the property in question was declared not to form part of the reserved Forest with effect from 01.02.1925. This was followed by a Direct Gazette Notification in the year 1930.7. By relying upon the above Gazette Notifications, the learned Additional Advocate General submitted that a thorough search was made including all the old documents and it was found that the property belonging to the petitioner does not fall within the reserved Forest area. A rough sketch was also filed before this Court and it is found that the property in question has not been earmarked within the Sengundram reserved Forest.8. Mr.AR.L.Sundaresan, learned Senior Counsel appearing on behalf of the petitioner submitted that in view of the specific stand taken by the respondents, the order passed by the 3rd respondent keeping the approval in abeyance must automatically go and the petitioner must be allowed to proceed further with the development activities.9. The learned Additional Advocate General in reply to this submission, submitted that the in order to avoid any future complications, the 4th respondent must take note of the fact that the property in question does not fall within the reserved Forest and necessary entries will have to be made in the records. This will thereafter be conveyed to the 2nd and 3rd respondents. The learned Additional Advocate General submitted that by adopting this process, the entire issue can be resolved and the 2nd and 3rd respondents will also get a clarity while processing the papers pertaining to the property belonging to the petitioner.10.

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The doubt raised by the 4th respondent has now been resolved and the same is clear from the Status Report filed by the District Collector and the submission made by the learned Additional Advocate General. Therefore, what remains is that the 4th respondent must make necessary entry in the register and convey the same to the 3rd respondent. Immediately thereafter, the 3rd respondent has to withdraw the impugned proceedings dated 14.10.2019. This will enable the petitioner to proceed further with the approval already granted to develop the property. This process shall be completed within a period of four weeks from today and necessary orders shall be passed by the 3rd respondent withdrawing the impugned proceedings dated 14.10.2019.This writ petition is disposed of accordingly. No costs. Consequently, the connected miscellaneous petition is closed.
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