2. Definitions


(1) In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires, -



(a) deductive value means the value determined in accordance with Rule 7 of these rules;



(b) goods of the same class or kind , means imported goods that are within a group or range of imported goods produced by a particular industry or industrial sector and includes identical goods or similar goods;



(c) identical goods means imported goods -



(i) which are same in all respects, including physical characteristics, quality and reputation as the goods being valued except for minor differences in appearance that do not affect the value of the goods;



(ii) produced in the country in which the goods being valued were produced; and



(iii) produced by the same person who produced the goods, or where no such goods are available, goods produced by a different person, but shall not include imported goods where engineering, development work, art work, design work, plant or sketch undertaken in India were completed directly or indirectly by the buyer on these imported goods free of charge or at a reduced cost for use in connection with the production and sale for export of these imported goods;



(d) produced includes grown, manufactured and mined;



(e) similar goods means imported goods -



(i) which although not alike in all respects, have like characteristics and like component materials which enable them to perform the same functions and to be commercially interchangeable with the goods being valued having regard to the quality, reputation and the existence of trade mark;



(ii) produced in the country in which the goods being valued were produced; and



(iii) produced by the same person who produced the goods being valued, or where no such goods are available, goods produced by a different person, but shall not include imported goods where engineering, development work, art work, design work, plan or sketch undertaken in India were completed directly or indirectly by the buyer on these imported goods free of charge or at a reduced cost for use in connection with the production and sale for export of these imported goods;



(f) transaction value means the value determined in accordance with Rule 4 of these rules.



(2) For the purpose of these rules, persons shall be deemed to be related only if -



(i) they are officers or directors of one another's businesses;



(ii) they are legally recognised partners in business;



(iii) they are employer and employee;



(iv) any person directly or indirectly owns, controls or holds 5 per cent or more of the outstanding voting stock or shares of both of them;



(v) one of them directly or indirectly controls the other;



(vi) both of them are directly or indirectly controlled by a third person;



(vii) together they directly or indirectly control a third person; or



(viii) they are members of the same family :



Explanation I. - The term person also includes legal persons.



Explanation II. - Persons who are associated in the business of one another in that one is the sole agent or sole distributor or sole concessionaire, however described, of the other shall be deemed to be related for the purpose of these rules, if they fall within the criteria of this sub-rule.

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