w w w . L a w y e r S e r v i c e s . i n



Commissioner of Income Tax Chennai III, Chennai v/s S.R.A. Systems Ltd.


Company & Directors' Information:- SRA SYSTEMS LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999TN1985PLC012071

Company & Directors' Information:- C P SYSTEMS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U29199DL1999PTC101718

Company & Directors' Information:- T SYSTEMS INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72200DL2004PTC127138

Company & Directors' Information:- A K M SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1984PTC018546

Company & Directors' Information:- SRA INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72200KA2001PTC029928

Company & Directors' Information:- W B M SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1984PTC017764

Company & Directors' Information:- A R G SYSTEMS LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1994PLC062621

Company & Directors' Information:- S SYSTEMS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U72200DL2001PTC111270

Company & Directors' Information:- SYSTEMS INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1994PTC059377

Company & Directors' Information:- V S S SYSTEMS INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U03000TZ1997PTC007933

Company & Directors' Information:- I L SYSTEMS INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18100GJ1999PTC037104

Company & Directors' Information:- A V SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U31909PN2001PTC015788

Company & Directors' Information:- N D T SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74210MH1996PTC104744

Company & Directors' Information:- S P P S SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72200TG2000PTC033732

Company & Directors' Information:- L S I SYSTEMS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U32109DL2000PTC105666

Company & Directors' Information:- H B S SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1992PTC048198

Company & Directors' Information:- U C SYSTEMS INDIA PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U72200DL1997PTC084267

Company & Directors' Information:- L C SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U55200PB2012PTC036880

Company & Directors' Information:- C I SYSTEMS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U45200TG1983PTC003915

Company & Directors' Information:- M J SYSTEMS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72900MH2005PTC150591

Company & Directors' Information:- R R SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U30007DL1999PTC098142

Company & Directors' Information:- C N C SYSTEMS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U72900DL1999PTC100476

Company & Directors' Information:- M B M SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U30006DL1988PTC030404

Company & Directors' Information:- C SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U31103TN2009PTC071155

Company & Directors' Information:- R M I SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72200KA2011PTC060246

Company & Directors' Information:- W & S SYSTEMS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74910TN2005PTC055568

Company & Directors' Information:- M. Y. T. SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Under Process of Striking Off] CIN = U74990TG2016PTC110104

Company & Directors' Information:- L V SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U31900KA2021PTC150256

Company & Directors' Information:- S E I SYSTEMS LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = L74899DL1994PLC061731

Company & Directors' Information:- D C S SYSTEMS LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72100MP2000PLC014224

Company & Directors' Information:- I T G SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72200DL1999PTC098431

Company & Directors' Information:- I O SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72200TG1998PTC029166

Company & Directors' Information:- S E C O M SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U31909HR2009PTC039084

Company & Directors' Information:- D M SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72100DL1999PTC101817

Company & Directors' Information:- K K K SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72100UP1995PTC017784

Company & Directors' Information:- E-SYSTEMS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72200WB2003PTC096700

Company & Directors' Information:- J B SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72200KL1997PTC011510

Company & Directors' Information:- M AND S SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72200MH1996PTC103819

Company & Directors' Information:- K AND M SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U32101UP1993PTC015352

Company & Directors' Information:- S S V SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72300TN1996PTC037072

Company & Directors' Information:- R G B SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72300TN1998PTC040485

Company & Directors' Information:- C C SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U31100TG1996PTC023469

Company & Directors' Information:- K R T SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U52392TN2002PTC048704

Company & Directors' Information:- B & D SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72100OR1996PTC004611

Company & Directors' Information:- A M P S SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72900WB2001PTC093281

Company & Directors' Information:- G M E SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U71290DL1987PTC029758

Company & Directors' Information:- R B SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U31300RJ1990PTC005689

Company & Directors' Information:- E D H SYSTEMS PVT. LTD. [Strike Off] CIN = U99999DL1991PTC045384

Company & Directors' Information:- H N G SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72900RJ2012PTC040713

Company & Directors' Information:- F A SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72100MH2004PTC148941

Company & Directors' Information:- H AND P SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74900PN2013PTC146918

Company & Directors' Information:- G. K. SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72900PN2006PTC129225

Company & Directors' Information:- T G SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U31403TN2006PTC061859

Company & Directors' Information:- I T SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72400AS1999PTC005824

Company & Directors' Information:- Y Y SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72200CH2015PTC035767

Company & Directors' Information:- N P M E SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U29299DL1998PTC094645

Company & Directors' Information:- R D SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U72100DL2000PTC103462

Company & Directors' Information:- V C SYSTEMS PVT LTD [Active] CIN = U72200DL2001PTC111812

Company & Directors' Information:- K B N SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U64204DL1997PTC088904

Company & Directors' Information:- A B SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U93000DL2012PTC234774

Company & Directors' Information:- J S N D SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72900GJ2011PTC065160

Company & Directors' Information:- J C D SYSTEMS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U32109PB1988PTC008438

Company & Directors' Information:- Y R SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72900DL2000PTC105093

Company & Directors' Information:- S R SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72900DL2000PTC104743

Company & Directors' Information:- F C S SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U73100DL1997PTC090517

Company & Directors' Information:- E R SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72200TG2008PTC061904

Company & Directors' Information:- R & T SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U72200DL2008PTC179617

Company & Directors' Information:- Q S Q SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51109KA2000PTC026269

    Tax Case Appeal No. 1916 of 2008

    Decided On, 26 October 2018

    At, High Court of Judicature at Madras

    By, THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE T.S. SIVAGNANAM & THE HONOURABLE MRS. JUSTICE V. BHAVANI SUBBAROYAN

    For the Appellant: T.R. Senthil Kumar, Advocate. For the Respondent: R. Sivaraman, Advocate.



Judgment Text


T.S. Sivagnanam, J.

1. This appeal by the Revenue, filed under Section 260A of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (the 'Act' for brevity) is directed against the order passed by the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Chennai 'C' Bench (the 'Tribunal' for brevity), dated 16.05.2008 in ITA No.2255/Mds/2006 for the assessment year 2002-03.

2. This appeal was admitted on 25.11.2008 on the following Substantial Questions of Law:

" 1. Whether on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal was right in setting aside the order of the Commissioner of Income Tax under Section 263, holding that there was no violation of the conditions stipulated under Section 10A(2)(ii) and (iii) in the matter of the assessee's undertaking claiming exemption for the first time under Section 10A for the assessment year 2000-2001?

2. Whether on the facts and circumstances of the case, the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal was right in setting aside the order of the Commissioner of Income Tax without observing that the assessment order and the appellate order of the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) dealt with only the restriction in the quantum of deduction under Section 10A allowable and not with the eligibility of the assessee for deduction under Section 10A as such in the light of the conditions under Section 10(A)(2)(ii) and (iii) or the Income Tax Act?"

3. There are two issues arise for consideration. Firstly, whether the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) ('CITA' for brevity) could have invoked his power under Section 263 of the Act, when he had passed an order, on 25.10.2005, granting relief to the assessee. The second issue is whether there was any violation of conditions stipulated under Section 10A(2)(ii) and (iii) of the Act in the matter of assessee's undertaking claiming exemption for the first time under Section 10A for the assessment year 200001.

4. The above issue is the first Substantial Question of Law. We need not labour much to decide this question, as it has been decided by the Division Bench of this Court in the case of Super Auto Forge Ltd., vs. Additional Commissioner of Income Tax [2014] 365 ITR 318 (Mad). In the said case, the assessee was engaged in the business of manufacturing of Auto parts and it has four units. One of the units was registered as Domestic Tariff Area Unit with the Central Excise Authorities during November, 1999. Subsequently, an application was submitted by the assessee therein before the Madras Export Processing Zone (MEPZ) to treat the Domestic Tariff Area unit as 100% Export Oriented Unit. Permission was granted and the Unit came into existence from 31.03.2000 as an Export Oriented Unit. For the assessment year 2001-02, the assessee showed net profit and claimed exemption under Section 10B of the Act, in respect of the 100% Export Oriented Unit. The claim was rejected by the Assessing Officer and the Tribunal. On appeal to this Court, the appeal filed by the assessee was allowed and it was held that the assessee was entitled to the exemption in respect of 100% Export Oriented Unit. The finding rendered in the said decision reads as follows:

"15.On the question as to whether by the grant of EOU status, there was formation of new business by a transfer, this Court considered the said issue in the decision reported in (2013) 359 ITR 1 (Commissioner of Income Tax vs. Heartland KG Information Ltd.). The issue arose as regards the grant of exemption under section 10A of the Income Tax Act. The facts therein were that in 2001, KGISL, which enjoyed exemption under section 10A of the Income Tax Act transferred its entire undertaking engaged in the export business of Medical Transcription along with all transcriptions contracts, books, records, all rights, all permits, all warranties, including computer software to the assessee company Heart Land KG Information Limited by letter dated 28.5.2001 and 28.6.2001. The transfer was recognised and allowed by Software Technology Park of India. The transferee company claimed exemption under section 10B of the Income Tax Act. The Assessing Officer rejected the claim that the assessee had not satisfied the conditions on account of transfer of business. On appeal, the claim of the assessee was allowed by the Tribunal. On appeal to the High Court, the question arose as to whether the assessee was entitled to the relief that it did not satisfy the provisions of Section 10A(2)(iii) of the Income Tax Act.

16. Referring to Section 10A(2) (iii), which is similar to Section 10B(2)(iii), this Court pointed out that what is prohibited in Section 10(A)(2)(iii) is the transfer of used machinery and plant to a new business undertaking and forming of an industrial undertaking by splitting or reconstruction of the existing industrial undertaking. There was no specific prohibition either express or inference to an industrial unit formed by transfer of entire business. This Court pointed out that the transfer was not that of plant and machinery alone but of sale of whole business unit to the transferee company which was only of export of articles or things. In this regard, this Court referred to the decision reported in [2012] 343 ITR 397 (Commissioner of Income Tax vs. Sonata Software Limited), which in turn referred to the decision of the Supreme Court reported in [1997] 107 ITR 195 (Textile Machinery Corporation Limited vs. Commissioner of Income Tax, wherein, it was held that where a running business was transferred lock, stock and barrel by one assessee to another assessee, the principle of reconstruction, splitting up and transfer of plant and machinery could not be applied. This Court further pointed out that there could be no denial of exemption on the conversion of the proprietorship business into the partnership to result in the disentitlement of the benefit under section 10A of the Income Tax Act. On a reading of Section 10A (2), particularly clause (iii), this Court held that an undertaking would be disentitled to claim exemption, if it is formed by splitting up or reconstruction of business already in existence.

17. We find Section 10B(2) is no different from Section 10A(2)......

21. Going by the reasoning given under the decision reported in (2013) 359 ITR 1 (Commissioner of Income Tax vs. Heartland KG Information Ltd.), we hold that when a DTA unit is converted into 100% EOU unit, there is neither a transfer nor a creation of a new business to attract Clause (iii) to sub-section (2) of section 10B of the Income Tax Act. As pointed out by this Court in the reported decision, there is no specific prohibition to an industrial unit formed by transfer of entire business and more so, on the facts of the case herein, strictly speaking, there is no transfer at all to a new business and what was already in existence as a DTA unit, by reason of the recognition granted by the statutory authority, it became a 100% EOU unit. Thus the status granted to a DTA unit as a 100% EOU unit does not result in a transfer or splitting up or reconstruction of a business already in existence so as to fall under Clause (iii) of sub-section (2) of section 10B of the Income Tax Act.

22. In fact, the Board itself has clarified the position in the circular issued by it in Circular No.1 of 2005 dated 06.01.2005.17. The Department of Revenue (Central Board of Direct Taxes) clarified the question as to whether an undertaking set up in Domestic Tariff Area, which is subsequently approved as 100% EOU by the Board appointed by the Central Government in exercise of powers conferred under section 14 of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951, is eligible for deduction under Section 10B of the Income-tax Act. On the representation received from various quarters, the Board clarified as follows: "The matter has been examined and it is hereby clarified that an undertaking set up in Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) and deriving profit from export of articles or things or computer software manufactured or produced by it, which is subsequently converted into a EOU, shall be eligible for deduction under section 10B of the IT Act, on getting approval as 100% export oriented undertaking. In such a case, the deduction shall be available only from the year in which it has got the approval as 100% EOU and shall be available only for the remaining period of ten consecutive assessment years, beginning with the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which the undertaking begins to manufacture or produce articles or things or computer software, as a DTA unit. Further, in the year of approval, the deduction shall be restricted to the profits derived from exports, from and after the date of approval of the DTA unit as 100% EOU. Moreover, the deduction to such units in any case will not be available after assessment year 2009-10."

5. Thus, by applying the said decision in the case of Super Auto Forge Ltd.,(Supra) the Substantial Question of Law No. 1 is decided in favour of the assessee and against the Revenue.

6. So far as, the second question is concerned, we are called upon to decide as to whether the Commissioner of Income Tax lacked jurisdiction to exercise his powers under Section 263 of the Act on account of the Doctrine of merger.

7. Mr.T.R.Senthil Kumar, learned counsel appearing for the Revenue strenuously contended that the Assessing Officer, while completing the assessment under Section 143(3) of the Act, vide order dated 31.03.2005, did not consider this aspect and in the regular appeal before the CITA, the matter was not taken into consideration. Therefore, the Commissioner of Income Tax Act (Appeals) was justified in invoking the power under Section 263 of the Act.

8. This very issue was considered by the Division Bench of the High Court of Gujarat in the case of Commissioner of Income Tax vs. Nirma Chemicals Works (P.) Ltd., [2009] 182 Taxman 183 (Gujarat), wherein an identical contention was raised by the Revenue stating that the power under Section 263 of the Act could be exercised. The Court rejected the contention on the following lines:

"22. The contention on behalf of the revenue that the assessment order does not reflect any application of mind as to eligibility or otherwise under Section 80-I of the Act requires to be noted to be rejected. An assessment order cannot incorporate reasons for making/granting a claim of deduction. If it does so, an assessment order would cease to be an order and become an epic tome. The reasons are not far to seek. Firstly, it would cast an almost impossible burden on the Assessing Officer, considering the workload that he carries and the period of limitation within which an order is required to be made; and, Secondly, the order is an appealable order. An appeal lies, would be filed, only against disallowances which an assessee feels aggrieved with.

24. There is another aspect of the matter. The assessee had challenged jurisdiction of the CIT to exercise powers under Section 263 of the Act. For an order of the Assessing Officer to be interfered with in exercise of revisional powers the CIT has to find in the first instance that the order is erroneous and secondly, the order is prejudicial to the interest of revenue. The conditions are twin conditions as held by the Apex Court and both of them have to be fulfilled before CIT can exercise jurisdiction under Section 263 of the Act. In the case of Malabar Industrial Co. Ltd. vs. Commissioner of Income Tax (2000) 243 ITR 83 the Apex Court has held The phrase prejudicial to the interests of the Revenue; has to be read in conjunction with an erroneous order passed by the Assessing Officer. Every loss of revenue as a consequence of an order of the Assessing Officer cannot be treated as prejudicial to the interests of the Revenue. For example, when an Income-tax Officer adopted one of the courses permissible in law and it has resulted in loss of Revenue; or where two views are possible and the Income-tax Officer has taken one view with which the Commissioner does not agree, it cannot be treated as an erroneous order prejudicial to the interests of the Revenue, unless the view taken by the Income-tax Officer is unsustainable in law."

9. In the case of Principal Commissioner of Income Tax vs. H.Nagaraja [2018] 94 taxmann.com 464 (Karnataka), the assessee contended that there was no scope for the Revisional Authority to e

Please Login To View The Full Judgment!

xercise jurisdiction under Section 263 of the Act to proceed to re-examine the purchase made by them in respect of lands in question. The contention advanced by the assessee was accepted by the Court and held that the conclusion reached by the Commissioner, while exercising revisional jurisdiction, tantamount to directly interfering with the conclusions reached by the appellate Commissioner and such power of the Revisional authority cannot be conceded to enable him to interfere with the orders passed by the appellate Commissioner, in view of the doctrine of merger and therefore, it was held that the Revisional Authority acted without jurisdiction in passing the said order. 10. In the light of the above decisions and factual position, we concur with the view taken by the Tribunal in holding that the Revisional Authority has exceeded in jurisdiction in invoking the provisions of Section 263 of the Act when the assessment order with regard to claim of deduction under Section 10A of the Act has merged with the order passed by the CIT(A) dated 25.10.2005. 11. Thus, for all the above reasons, the Revenue has not made any good ground to interfere with the order of the Tribunal. 12. In the result, the appeal fails and the same is dismissed and the Substantial Questions of Law, framed for consideration, are answered against the Revenue. No costs.
O R