w w w . L a w y e r S e r v i c e s . i n



Chander Sain & Others v/s J.B. Garments


Company & Directors' Information:- K C GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC139844

Company & Directors' Information:- D R GARMENTS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101GJ2005PTC046010

Company & Directors' Information:- R. R. GARMENTS LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51900MH1995PLC095544

Company & Directors' Information:- M. B. GARMENTS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18202WB2011PTC157173

Company & Directors' Information:- S G GARMENTS LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101WB2004PLC098193

Company & Directors' Information:- K K P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U65921TZ1994PTC005334

Company & Directors' Information:- B K GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2001PTC109850

Company & Directors' Information:- N K GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2000PTC107093

Company & Directors' Information:- K. D. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18109WB2005PTC101896

Company & Directors' Information:- G AND A GARMENTS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U18101PB1995PTC016121

Company & Directors' Information:- V H GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U52322MH2008PTC181066

Company & Directors' Information:- M S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1991PTC046660

Company & Directors' Information:- C & Y GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U25209TN1988PTC016306

Company & Directors' Information:- S. S. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL1996PTC083315

Company & Directors' Information:- R K GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18100GJ1994PTC023240

Company & Directors' Information:- H S V GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC141103

Company & Directors' Information:- C B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18109WB2011PTC161559

Company & Directors' Information:- G. M. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18109DL2006PTC152683

Company & Directors' Information:- D AND D GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL1975PTC007923

Company & Directors' Information:- J S GARMENTS (INDIA) PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74900WB2009PTC135262

Company & Directors' Information:- K. B . GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18109WB2011PTC166954

Company & Directors' Information:- A K GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17120DL2015PTC282847

Company & Directors' Information:- D P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2004PTC129479

Company & Directors' Information:- V S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC143084

Company & Directors' Information:- P AND P GARMENTS PVT LTD [Under Process of Striking Off] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC143556

Company & Directors' Information:- V S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101HR2005PTC068124

Company & Directors' Information:- L. H. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U17121KA2011PTC060761

Company & Directors' Information:- K M S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101KL2002PTC015310

Company & Directors' Information:- K R GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U17111WB1998PTC087046

Company & Directors' Information:- T & A GARMENTS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U52321TN1993PTC025318

Company & Directors' Information:- P. S. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18204DL2007PTC164238

Company & Directors' Information:- S. A. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17121DL2007PTC165007

Company & Directors' Information:- T S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51494DL1996PTC076668

Company & Directors' Information:- GARMENTS INDIA PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U51909GJ1979PTC003310

Company & Directors' Information:- I G S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2004PTC128723

Company & Directors' Information:- P V S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101TZ2007PTC013976

Company & Directors' Information:- M. P. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17291DL2007PTC164129

Company & Directors' Information:- K. S. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2007PTC164404

Company & Directors' Information:- J K GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2003PTC120039

Company & Directors' Information:- B G GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74899DL2005PTC142488

Company & Directors' Information:- V B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL1997PTC088244

Company & Directors' Information:- S S R GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999DL1997PTC088511

Company & Directors' Information:- S P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2003PTC120709

Company & Directors' Information:- P N GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51311DL2004PTC127524

Company & Directors' Information:- J B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101PB1996PTC017533

Company & Directors' Information:- A. D. S. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U52609DL2017PTC321217

Company & Directors' Information:- H. K. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18109DL2007PTC159196

Company & Directors' Information:- V P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18109DL2012PTC233293

Company & Directors' Information:- S T GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18109DL2015PTC277043

Company & Directors' Information:- P L GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17120DL2013PTC248417

Company & Directors' Information:- M. K. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17291DL2007PTC164395

Company & Directors' Information:- U R GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2002PTC114011

Company & Directors' Information:- N J GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2002PTC117748

Company & Directors' Information:- R A GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP and Dissolved] CIN = U18101DL2003PTC123385

Company & Directors' Information:- P C GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2004PTC129478

Company & Directors' Information:- N V GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC133534

Company & Directors' Information:- C S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC134787

Company & Directors' Information:- L S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC136180

Company & Directors' Information:- B L GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC136912

Company & Directors' Information:- B D S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC137898

Company & Directors' Information:- T G GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC143392

Company & Directors' Information:- B K C GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Converted to LLP and Dissolved] CIN = U18101DL2006PTC144478

Company & Directors' Information:- R B P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED. [Active] CIN = U18101DL2006PTC148881

Company & Directors' Information:- G P S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED. [Active] CIN = U18101DL2006PTC149330

Company & Directors' Information:- G P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U18101DL2007PTC161067

Company & Directors' Information:- I B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51909DL2013PTC257044

Company & Directors' Information:- G P S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED. [Active] CIN = U74110DL2006PTC149330

Company & Directors' Information:- I. K. GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51109DL2008PTC180451

Company & Directors' Information:- A G GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U51300DL2013PTC257609

Company & Directors' Information:- Y B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51311DL2004PTC129581

Company & Directors' Information:- V R V GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51311DL2008PTC182256

Company & Directors' Information:- Y N GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U81010DL2003PTC123182

Company & Directors' Information:- M V GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U74899HR2005PTC141797

Company & Directors' Information:- A AND R GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U17120HR2013PTC049037

Company & Directors' Information:- JB INDIA PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U74999GJ2016PTC092368

Company & Directors' Information:- F T GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18109KL2015PTC037773

Company & Directors' Information:- G AND G GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17299MH2020PTC350276

Company & Directors' Information:- V K GARMENTS PRIVATE LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL1981PTC012410

Company & Directors' Information:- P M P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18101DL2005PTC134811

Company & Directors' Information:- A S GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Active] CIN = U17212CH1992PTC012350

Company & Directors' Information:- V R GARMENTS PVT LTD [Strike Off] CIN = U18101CH1991PTC011345

Company & Directors' Information:- K M P GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U18109DL2007PTC162181

Company & Directors' Information:- S B GARMENTS PRIVATE LIMITED [Strike Off] CIN = U51311DL2005PTC141954

Company & Directors' Information:- J.B. LIMITED [Dissolved] CIN = U99999MH1948PLC006320

    W.P.(C) No. 8252 of 2009

    Decided On, 17 April 2009

    At, High Court of Delhi

    By, THE HONOURABLE MR. JUSTICE V.K. SHALI

    For the Petitioners: K.K. Tyagi, Advocate. For the Respondent: Nemo.



Judgment Text

Oral:

V.K. Shali, J.

The petitioners in the instant writ petition have assailed the award dated 17th October, 2008 passed by the learned Labour Court No. -IX in ID No. 310/2003 in the case titled Sh. Chander Sain & Ors. v. M/s. J.B. Garments.

2. By virtue of the aforesaid award, the learned Labour Court had come to the finding that the petitioners/workmen have miserably failed to establish relationship of employer and employees between the parties and accordingly, the reference of the appropriate Government whether the services of workman as per Annexure ‘A’ have been terminated by the management illegally and/or unjustifiably and if so, to what relief are they entitled and what directions are necessary in this respect was answered in negative.

3. That briefly stated the case of the petitioners is that the petition had involved 13 workmen on whom a reference was sought from the appropriate government as to whether their services were terminated on 17th February, 2002 as the petitioners/workmen had demanded various facilities from the respondent/management. The respondent/management contested the statement of claim of the petitioners and on the basis of the pleadings of the parties, the following three issues were framed:

(i) Whether there is no relationship of employer and employees between the parties.

(ii) As per terms of reference.

(iii) Relief.

4. With regard to the issue No. 1, the parties adduced their respective evidence. The learned Labour Court after analyzing the evidence came to a finding that the petitioners were not able to establish the relationship of employer and employee between the parties. This was so held by the learned Labour Court on account of the fact that petitioners had not produced any documentary evidence in the shape of wage slip, appointment letter, etc. in order to establish their relationship of employer and employee. On the contrary, the workmen in their cross-examination had admitted that they did not have any proof with regard to their employment with the management. The documents which were proved by the workmen were complaints Exhibits WW1/1, WW1/2 WW1/3, WW1/4 and WW1/5. These complaints were made by the petitioners/workmen to the DCP (East)/Police Authorities regarding the harassment meted out to them by the respondent/management.

5. The learned Labour Court on the basis of the judgment of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case titled Workmen of Nilgiri Coop. Mkt. Society Ltd. v. State of Tamil Nadu & Ors., III (2004) SLT 180=2004 (2) SCALE 311=2004 LLR 351 (SC) held that it was primarily the responsibility of the workmen to establish the relationship of employer and employee between the parties and no adverse inference could be drawn against them on account of non-production of any document by the management.

6. It has been contended by the learned Counsel for the petitioners/workmen that this finding of the learned Labour Court is totally perverse inasmuch as the learned Labour Court has not referred to the report of the Conciliation Officer wherein Mr. Santosh Kumar, a representative of the management has accepted that all the petitioners are their employees and therefore, on the basis of this, the relationship of the parties is established. It was also contended by the learned Counsel for the petitioners that undoubtedly it has come in the evidence that the petitioners/workmen were piece-rated workers and as per the definition of the ‘employee’ in the Delhi Shops and Establishment Act, 1954, the word ‘employee’ would also include any person who is doing permanent, periodical, contact, piece-rated or commission basis work. Section 7 [sic. 2], Sub-section (2) [sic. (7)] of Delhi Shops and Establishment Act, 1954 defines an employee as under:

'Employee means a person wholly or principally employed whether directly or otherwise and whether for wages (payable or permanent, periodically, contract, piece rate or commission basis) or other consideration about the business of an Establishment and includes as an apprentice and any person employed in a factory but not governed by factories Act. And for the purpose of any matter regulated by this Act also includes a person discharge or dismissed whose claims have not been settled in accordance with this Act.'

7. Reliance is also sought to be placed by the learned Counsel for the petitioner on the case titled Silver Jubilee Tailoring House & Ors. v. Chief Inspector of Shops and Establishments, (1973) FLR 350 (SC).

8. I have gone through the authorities cited as well as the definition of word ‘employee’. There is no dispute about the fact that primarily the onus is on the petitioners/workmen to establish that there exists a relationship of employer and employees between the parties. No presumption on this score can be drawn. The said relationship of employer and employees can be established by the petitioners only by a positive evidence like letter of appointment, wage slip or contribution which is made from the salary/wage of the workmen to ESI to the Provident Fund Commissioner. In the instant case, none of such documents or proofs has been produced by the petitioners. The petitioners have not examined any co-workers who would have testified in their favour.

9. On the contrary, all the workmen, who have testified on affidavits and have been cross examined, they had admitted in their cross examination that they were not in a position to produce any document to establish the relationship of employer and employees between the parties. The documents which have been adduced by the petitioners are the complaints purported to have been made by the petitioners to the police authorities. These complaints which are made by the petitioners to the police authorities can hardly be said to be documents to establish the relationship of employer and employees between the parties. They are in the nature of self-serving documents. These documents at best can only show the contemporaneous conduct of a party in law in the given facts and circumstances of a case and these documents can hardly be of any assistance to the petitioners to discharge that initial onus to establish the relationship of employer and employees between the parties which lies squarely on the petitioners. Since the initial onus to establish the relationship of employer and employees between the parties has not been discharged by the petitioners, consequently the said onus never got shifted on to the respondent/management to establish the fact that there existed no relationship of employer and employees between the parties. Reliance in this regard is being placed on the following judgments of the Hon’ble Supreme Court: Workmen of Nilgiri Coop. Mkt. Society Ltd. v. State of Tamil Nadu and Kanpur Electricity Supply Co. Ltd. v. Shamim Mirza, IX (2008) SLT 621=2008 (4) SCALE 604.

10. The learned Labour Court has also rightly analysed the evidence and come to a finding of fact that the petitioners/workmen have failed to establish the relationship of employer and employees between the parties. This High Court cannot sit as a Court of Appeal over the finding of the Labour Court and come to a different finding on the basis of the analysis of the evidence. There is no infirmity in the award passed by the learned Labour Court.

11. The submission of the learned Counsel for the petitioners that an ‘employee’ as given in the Delhi Shops and Establishment Act, 1954 can be said to be the piece-rated worker and accordingly even though the petitioners were piece-rated worker, they are employees of the respondent/management, does not seems to be apt or legally sound. There may be different enactments giving the definition of the word ‘employer’ and ‘employee’. The definition of one particular enactment cannot be transplanted into another enactment. The workman has been specifically defined under Section 2, Sub-section 7 of Delhi Shops and Establishment Act, 1954 and cann

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ot be incorporated into the industrial disputes so as to governing the definition of the workman in the Industrial Disputes Act to hold that the petitioners although were piece-rated workers whereas within the definition of under Section 2, Sub-section 7 of Delhi Shops and Establishment Act, 1954, they are employees within the definition of Delhi Shops and Establishment Act, 1954. 12. Therefore, this argument also does not have any merit. The judgment as has been cited by the learned Counsel for the petitioners is also not applicable to the facts of the present case. 13. For the foregoing reasons, I am of the considered opinion that there is no illegality and violation of any regulation which warrant any inference with the award passed by the Labour. 14. The writ petition is without any merit and accordingly the same is dismissed. Writ Petition dismissed.
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