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Indian Evidence Act, 1872
 
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  PREAMBLE 
PART I  RELEVANCY OF FACTS 
CHAPTER I  PRELIMINARY 
 SHORT TITLE, EXTENT AND COMMENCEMENT 
 [REPEALED] 
 INTERPRETATION CLAUSE 
 INTERPRETATION CLAUSE (CONTD.) 
CHAPTER II  OF THE RELEVANCY OF FACTS 
 EVIDENCE MAY BE GIVEN OF FACTS IN ISSUE AND RELEVANT FACTS 
 RELEVANCY OF FACTS FORMING PART OF SAME TRANSACTION 
 FACTS WHICH ARE THE OCCASION, CAUSE OR EFFECT OF FACTS IN ISSUE 
 MOTIVE, PREPARATION AND PREVIOUS OR SUBSEQUENT CONDUCT 
 FACTS NECESSARY TO EXPLAIN OR INTRODUCE RELEVANT FACTS 
 10 THINGS SAID OR DONE BY CONSPIRATOR IN REFERENCE TO COMMON DESIGN 
 11 WHEN FACTS NOT OTHERWISE RELEVANT BECOME RELEVANT 
 12 IN SUITS FOR DAMAGES FACTS TENDING TO ENABLE COURT TO DETERMINE AMOUNT ARE RELEVANT 
 13 FACTS RELEVANT WHEN RIGHT OR CUSTOM IS IN QUESTION 
 14 FACTS SHOWING EXISTENCE OF STATE OF MIND, OR OF BODY OR BODILY FEELING 
 15 FACTS BEARING ON QUESTION WHETHER ACT WAS ACCIDENTAL OR INTERNATIONAL 
 16 EXISTENCE OF COURSE OF BUSINESS WHEN RELEVANT 
  ADMISSIONS 
 17 ADMISSION DEFINED 
 18 ADMISSION BY PARTY TO PROCEEDING OR HIS AGENT BY SUIT OR IN REPRESENTATIVE CHARACTER BY PARTY INTERESTED IN SUBJECT-MATTER BY PERSON FROM WHOM INTEREST DERIVED 
 19 ADMISSION BY PERSONS WHOSE POSITION MUST BE PROVED AS AGAINST PARTY TO SUIT 
 20 ADMISSIONS BY PERSON EXPRESSLY REFERRED TO BY PARTY TO SUIT 
 21 PROOF OF ADMISSIONS AGAINST PERSONS MAKING THEM AND BY OR ON THEIR BEHALF 
 22 WHEN ORAL ADMISSIONS AS TO CONTENTS OF DOCUMENTS ARE RELEVANT 
 23 ADMISSIONS IN CIVIL CASES, WHEN RELEVANT 
 24 CONFESSION CAUSED BY INDUCEMENT, THREAT OR PROMISE WHEN IRRELEVANT IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDING 
 25 CONFESSION TO POLICE OFFICER NOT TO BE PROVED 
 26 CONFESSION BY ACCUSED WHILE IN CUSTODY OF POLICE NOT TO BE PROVED AGAINST HIM 
 27 HOW MUCH OF INFORMATION RECEIVED FROM ACCUSED MAY BE PROVED 
 28 CONFESSION MADE AFTER REMOVAL OF IMPRESSION CAUSED BY INDUCEMENT, THREAT OR PROMISE RELEVANT 
 29 CONFESSION OTHERWISE RELEVANT NOT TO BECOME IRRELEVANT BECAUSE OF PROMISE OF SECRECY, ETC. 
 30 CONSIDERATION OF PROVED CONFESSION AFFECTING PERSON MAKING IT AND OTHERS JOINTLY UNDER TRAIL FOR SAME OFFENCE 
 31 ADMISSIONS NOT CONCLUSIVE PROOF, BUT MAY BE STOPPED 
  STATEMENTS BY PERSONS WHO CANNOT BE CALLED AS WITNESSES 
 32 CASES IN WHICH STATEMENT OF RELEVANT FACT BY PERSON WHO IS DEAD OR CANNOT BE FOUND, ETC. IS RELEVANT 
 33 RELEVANCY OF CERTAIN EVIDENCE FOR PROVING, IN SUBSEQUENT PROCEEDING, THE TRUTH OF FACTS THEREIN STATED 
  STATEMENTS MADE UNDER SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES 
 34 ENTRIES IN BOOKS OF ACCOUNT WHEN RELEVANT 
 35 RELEVANCY OF ENTRY IN PUBLIC RECORD, MADE IN PERFORMANCE OF DUTY 
 36 RELEVANCY OF STATEMENTS IN MAPS, CHARTS AND PLANS 
 37 RELEVANCY OF STATEMENT AS TO FACT OF PUBLIC NATURE, CONTAINED IN CERTAIN ACTS OR NOTIFICATIONS 
 38 RELEVANCY OF STATEMENTS AS TO ANY LAW CONTAINED IN LAW BOOKS 
 39 WHAT EVIDENCE TO BE GIVEN WHEN STATEMENT FORMS PART OF A CONVERSATION, DOCUMENT, BOOK, OR SERIES OF LETTERS OR PAPERS 
  JUDGMENTS OF COURTS OF JUSTICE, WHEN RELEVANT 
 40 PREVIOUS JUDGMENTS RELEVANT TO BAR A SECOND SUIT OR TRAIL 
 41 RELEVANCY OF CERTAIN JUDGMENTS IN PROBATE, ETC. JURISDICTION 
 42 RELEVANCY AND EFFECT OF JUDGMENTS, ORDERS OR DECREES, OTHER THAN THOSE MENTIONED IN SECTION 41 
 43 JUDGMENTS, ETC. OTHER THAN THOSE MENTIONED IN SECTIONS 40 TO 42, WHEN RELEVANT 
 44 FRAUD OR COLLUSION IN OBTAINING JUDGMENT, OR INCOMPETENCE OF COURT, MAY BE PROVED 
  OPINION OF THIRD PERSONS, WHEN RELEVANT 
 45 OPINIONS OF EXPERTS 
 46 FACTS BEARING UPON OPINIONS OF EXPERTS 
 47 OPINION AS TO HANDWRITING, WHEN RELEVANT 
 48 OPINION AS TO EXISTENCE OF RIGHT OR CUSTOM, WHEN RELEVANT 
 49 OPINION AS TO USAGE 
 50 OPINION ON RELATIONSHIP, WHEN RELEVANT 
 51 GROUNDS OF OPINION, WHEN RELEVANT 
  CHARACTER WHEN RELEVANT 
 52 IN CIVIL CASES, CHARACTER TO PROVE CONDUCT IMPUTED IRRELEVANT 
 53 IN CRIMINAL CASES, PREVIOUS GOOD CHARACTER RELEVANT 
 54 PREVIOUS BAD CHARACTER NOT RELEVANT, EXCEPT IN REPLY 
 55 CHARACTER AS AFFECTING DAMAGES 
PART II  ON PROOF 
CHAPTER III  FACTS WHICH NEED NOT BE PROVED 
 56 FACTS JUDICIALLY NOTICEABLE NEED NOT BE PROVED 
 57 FACTS OF WHICH COURT MUST TAKE JUDICIAL NOTICE 
 58 FACTS ADMITTED NEED NOT BE PROVED 
CHAPTER IV  OF ORAL EVIDENCE 
 59 PROOF OF FACTS BY ORAL EVIDENCE 
 60 ORAL EVIDENCE MUST BE DIRECT 
CHAPTER V   OF DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE 
 61 PROOF OF CONTENTS OF DOCUMENTS 
 62 PRIMARY EVIDENCE 
 63 SECONDARY EVIDENCE 
 64 PROOF OF DOCUMENTS BY PRIMARY EVIDENCE 
 65 CASES IN WHICH SECONDARY EVIDENCE RELATING TO DOCUMENTS MAY BE GIVEN 
 66 RULES AS TO NOTICE TO PRODUCE 
 67 PROOF OF SIGNATURE AND HANDWRITING OF PERSON ALLEGED TO HAVE SIGNED OR WRITTEN DOCUMENT PRODUCED 
 68 PROOF OF EXECUTION OF DOCUMENT REQUIRED BY LAW TO BE ATTESTED 
 69 PROOF WHERE NOT ATTESTING WITNESS FOUND 
 70 ADMISSION OF EXECUTION BY PARTY TO ATTESTED DOCUMENT 
 71 PROOF WHEN ATTESTING WITNESS DENIES THE EXECUTION 
 72 PROOF OF DOCUMENT NOT REQUIRED BY LAW TO BE ATTESTED 
 73 COMPARISON OF SIGNATURE, WRITING OR SEAL WITH OTHERS ADMITTED OR PROVED 
  PUBLIC DOCUMENTS 
 74 PUBLIC DOCUMENTS 
 75 PRIVATE DOCUMENTS 
 76 CERTIFIED COPIES OF PUBLIC DOCUMENTS 
 77 PROOF OF DOCUMENTS BY PRODUCTION OF CERTIFIED COPIES 
 78 PROOF OF OTHER OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS 
 79 PRESUMPTION AS TO GENUINENESS OF CERTIFIED COPIES 
 80 PRESUMPTION AS TO DOCUMENTS PRODUCED AS RECORD OF EVIDENCE 
 81 PRESUMPTION AS TO GAZETTEERS NEWSPAPERS, PRIVATE ACT OF PARLIAMENT AND OTHER DOCUMENTS 
 82 PRESUMPTION AS TO DOCUMENT ADMISSIBLE IN ENGLAND WITHOUT PROOF OF SEAL OR SIGNATURE 
 83 PRESUMPTION AS TO MAPS OR PLANS MADE BY AUTHORITY OF GOVERNMENT 
 84 PRESUMPTION AS TO COLLECTIONS OF LAWS AND REPORTS OF DECISIONS 
 85 PRESUMPTION AS TO POWERS OF ATTORNEY 
 86 PRESUMPTION AS TO CERTIFIED COPIES OF FOREIGN JUDICIAL RECORDS 
 87 PRESUMPTION AS TO BOOKS, MAPS AND CHARTS 
 88 PRESUMPTION AS TO TELEGRAPHIC MESSAGES 
 89 PRESUMPTION AS TO DUE EXECUTION, ETC., OF DOCUMENT NOT PRODUCED 
 90 PRESUMPTION AS TO DOCUMENTS THIRTY YEARS OLD 
 90A PRESUMPTION DOCUMENT CUSTODY IN COURT 
CHAPTER VI   OF THE EXCLUSION OF ORAL BY DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE 
 91 EVIDENCE OF TERMS OF CONTRACTS, GRANTS AND OTHER DISPOSITIONS OF PROPERTY REDUCED TO FORM OF DOCUMENT 
 92 EXCLUSION OF EVIDENCE OF ORAL AGREEMENT 
 93 EXCLUSION OF EVIDENCE TO EXPLAIN OR AMEND AMBIGUOUS DOCUMENT 
 94 EXECUTION OF EVIDENCE AGAINST APPLICATION DOCUMENT TO EXISTING FACTS 
 95 EVIDENCE AS TO DOCUMENT UNMEANING IN REFERENCE TO EXISTING FACTS 
 96 EVIDENCE AS TO APPLICATION OF LANGUAGE WHICH CAN APPLY TO ONE ONLY OF SEVERAL PERSONS 
 97 EVIDENCE AS TO APPLICATION LANGUAGE TO ONE OF TWO SET OF FACTS, TO NEITHER OF WHICH THE WHOLE CORRECTLY APPLIES 
 98 EVIDENCE AS TO MEANING OF ILLEGIBLE CHARACTERS, ETC. 
 99 WHO MAY GIVE EVIDENCE OF AGREEMENT VARYING TERMS OF DOCUMENT 
 100 SAVING OF PROVISIONS OF INDIAN SUCCESSION ACT RELATING TO WILLS 
PART III  PRODUCTION AND EFFECT OF EVIDENCE 
CHAPTER VII  OF THE BURDEN OF PROOF 
 101 BURDEN OF PROOF 
 102 ON WHOM BURDEN OF PROOF LIES 
 103 BURDEN OF PROOF AS TO PARTICULAR FACT 
 104 BURDEN OF PROVING FACT TO BE PROVED TO MAKE EVIDENCE ADMISSIBLE 
 105 BURDEN OF PROVING THAT CASE OF ACCUSED COMES WITHIN EXCEPTIONS 
 106 BURDEN OF PROVING FACT ESPECIALLY WITHIN KNOWLEDGE 
 107 BURDEN OF PROVING DEATH OF PERSON KNOW TO HAVE BEEN ALIVE WITHIN THIRTY YEARS 
 108 BURDEN OF PROVING THAT PERSON IS ALIVE WHO HAS NOT BEEN HEARD OF FOR SEVEN YEARS 
 109 BURDEN OF PROOF AS TO RELATIONSHIP IN THE CASES OF PARTNERS, LANDLORDS AND TENANT, PRINCIPAL AND AGENT 
 110 BURDEN OF PROOF AS TO OWNERSHIP 
 111 PROOF OF GOOD FAITH IN TRANSACTION WHERE ONE PARTY 
 111A PRESUMPTION AS TO CERTAIN OFFENCES 
 112 BIRTH DURING MARRIAGE, CONCLUSIVE PROOF OF LEGITIMACY 
 113 PROOF OF CESSION OF TERRITORY 
 113A PRESUMPTION AS TO ABETMENT OF SUICIDE BY A MARRIED WOMAN 
 113B PRESUMPTION AS TO DOWRY DEATH 
 114 COURT MAY PRESUME EXISTENCE OF CERTAIN FACTS 
 114A PRESUMPTION AS TO ABSENCE OF CONSENT IN CERTAIN PROSECUTIONS FOR RAPE 
CHAPTER VIII  ESTOPPEL 
 115 ESTOPPEL 
 116 ESTOPPEL OF TENANT AND OF LICENSEE OF PERSON IN COMMUNICATIONS 
 117 ESTOPPEL OF ACCEPTOR OF BILL OF EXCHANGE, BAILEE OR LICENSEE 
CHAPTER IX  OF WITNESSES 
 118 WHO MAY TESTIFY 
 119 DUMB WITNESS 
 120 PARTIES TO CIVIL SUIT AND THEIR WIVES OR HUSBAND-HUSBAND OR WIFE OF PERSON UNDER CRIMINAL TRIAL 
 121 JUDGES AND MAGISTRATES 
 122 COMMUNICATIONS DURING MARRIAGE 
 123 EVIDENCE AS TO AFFAIRS OF STATE 
 124 OFFICIAL COMMUNICATIONS 
 125 INFORMATION AS TO COMMISSION OF OFFENCES 
 126 PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATIONS 
 127 SECTION 126 TO APPLY TO INTERPRETERS, ETC. 
 128 PRIVILEGE NOT WAIVED BY VOLUNTEERING EVIDENCE 
 129 CONFIDENTIAL COMMUNICATIONS WITH LEGAL ADVISERS 
 130 PRODUCTION OF TITLE-DEEDS OF WITNESS NOT PARTY 
 131 PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS WHICH ANOTHER PERSON, HAVING POSSESSION, COULD REFUSE TO PRODUCE 
 132 WITNESS NOT EXCUSED FROM ANSWERING ON GROUND THAT ANSWER WILL CRIMINATE 
 133 ACCOMPLICE 
 134 NUMBER OF WITNESSES 
CHAPTER X  OF THE EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES 
 135 ORDER OF PRODUCTION AND EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES 
 136 JUDGE TO DECIDE AS TO ADMISSIBILITY OF EVIDENCE 
 137 EXAMINATION-IN-CHIEF 
 138 ORDER OF EXAMINATIONS 
 139 CROSS-EXAMINATION OF PERSON CALLED TO PRODUCE A DOCUMENT 
 140 WITNESSES TO CHARACTER 
 141 LEADING QUESTIONS 
 142 WHEN THEY MAY NOT BE ASKED 
 143 WHEN THEY MAY BE ASKED 
 144 EVIDENCE AS TO MATTERS IN WRITING 
 145 CROSS-EXAMINATION AS TO PREVIOUS STATEMENTS IN WRITING 
 146 QUESTIONS LAWFUL IN CROSS-EXAMINATION 
 147 WHEN WITNESS TO BE COMPELLED TO ANSWER 
 148 COURT TO DECIDE WHEN QUESTION SHALL BE ASKED AND WHEN WITNESS COMPELLED TO ANSWER 
 149 QUESTION NOT TO BE ASKED WITHOUT REASONABLE GROUNDS 
 150 PROCEDURE OF COURT IN CASE OF QUESTION BEING ASKED WITHOUT REASONABLE GROUNDS 
 151 INDECENT AND SCANDALOUS QUESTIONS 
 152 QUESTIONS INTENDED TO INSULT OR ANNOY 
 153 EXCLUSION OF EVIDENCE TO CONTRADICT ANSWER TO QUESTIONS TESTING VERACITY 
 154 QUESTION BY PARTY TO HIS OWN WITNESS 
 155 IMPEACHING CREDIT OF WITNESS 
 156 QUESTIONS TENDING TO CORROBORATE EVIDENCE OF RELEVANT FACT, ADMISSIBLE 
 157 FORMER STATEMENTS OF WITNESS MAY BE PROVED TO CORROBORATE LATER TESTIMONY AS TO SAME FACT 
 158 WHAT MATTERS MAY BE PROVED IN CONNECTION WITH PROVED STATEMENT RELEVANT UNDER SECTION 32 OR 33 
 159 REFRESHING MEMORY -WHEN WITNESS MAY USE COPY OF DOCUMENT TO REFRESH MEMORY 
 160 TESTIMONY TO FACTS STATED IN DOCUMENT MENTIONED IN SECTION 159 
 161 RIGHT OF ADVERSE PARTY AS TO WRITING USED TO REFRESH MEMORY 
 162 PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS -TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENTS 
 163 GIVING, AS EVIDENCE OF DOCUMENT CALLED FOR AND PRODUCED ON NOTICE 
 164 USING, AS EVIDENCE, OF DOCUMENT, PRODUCTION OF WHICH WAS REFUSED ON NOTICE 
 165 JUDGE 
 166 POWER OF JURY OR ASSESSORS TO PUT QUESTIONS 
CHAPTER XI  OF IMPROPER ADMISSION AND REJECTION OF EVIDENCE 
 167 NO NEW TRAIL FOR IMPROPER ADMISSION OR REJECTION OF EVIDENCE 
  THE SCHEDULE. [REPEALED]. 
   


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Few Judgments On This Act:-


  Mohd. Yasin Chutan Shaikh Versus State of Maharashtra, 10/10/2017.  

  Navalchand Motiram Jadhav Versus State of Maharashtra, 10/10/2017.  

  Arjun Gopal & Others Versus Union of India & Others, 09/10/2017.  

  The State of Maharashtra Versus Sk. Illiyas & Others, 09/10/2017.  

  Shaikh Hafiz Shaikh Yusuf Versus The Commissioner of Police, Aurangabad, Dist. Aurangabad & Others, 09/10/2017.  

  Prabhavathi & Others Versus R. Vadivel Gounder (deceased) & Others, 09/10/2017.  

  Santhini Versus Vijaya Venketesh, 09/10/2017.  

  Bhootpurva Sainik Kalyan & Aam Janta, Through General Secretary, Harish Chand Verma Versus Area Commander, Head Office 61 (Independent) Sub- Area Military Area, 09/10/2017.  

  Trammo DMCC (formerly Known as Transammonia) DMCC) Versus Nagarjuna Fertilizers And Chemicals Ltd., 09/10/2017.  

  Francis Thomas & Another Versus Central Bureau of Investigation & Others, 07/10/2017.  

  Darshan Devi Versus Jai Shri , 06/10/2017.  

  Gokul & Another Versus Union Bank of India, Industrial Relations Department, Department of Personnel & Others, 06/10/2017.  

  Kasamoddin Nooruddin Kawwal Versus The State of Maharashtra, 06/10/2017.  

  Ashish Versus The State of Maharashtra, 06/10/2017.  

  Madhu Versus State of Kerala, 06/10/2017.  

  M/s . Meters & Instruments Private Limited & Another Versus Kanchan Mehta, 05/10/2017.  

  State of Goa Versus Gajanand Bandodkar (Major), 05/10/2017.  

  Capt. Percy Meher Master Versus The State of Maharashtra, 04/10/2017.  

  Commissioner of Income Tax Versus Balbir Singh Maini, 04/10/2017.  

  Jitendra & Others Versus The State of Maharashtra, 04/10/2017.  

  Vishnapriya Versus Ramesh Krishnan, 04/10/2017.  

  The State of Maharashtra Versus Narayan & Others, 03/10/2017.  

  M/s. Hindustan Motor Finance Corporation Limited Versus The District Regsitrar Kancheepuam District & Another, 03/10/2017.  

  Rajesh Versus The State of Maharashtra, 29/09/2017.  

  Vijay & Others Versus The State of Maharashtra, 29/09/2017.  

  The State of Maharashtra Versus Shamkant @ Dhanraj Waman Patil & Others, 28/09/2017.  

  Vitthalrao @ Pandharinath & Others Versus Domaji Pandurang Kokate & Others, 28/09/2017.  

  Shalikram Versus The State of Maharashtra, through its Police Station Officer, 27/09/2017.  

  Anant Dyaneshwar Jadhav & Another Versus The State of Maharashtra & Others, 27/09/2017.  

  Volvo India Private Limited Versus State of Maharashtra through Inspector of Legal Metrology Division & Others, 26/09/2017.  

  Prafulla Vinayak Nage Versus The State of Maharashtra, 26/09/2017.  

  Mohammad Illiyas Mahammad Shafi & Others Versus Shaheen Parveen Ziaulmallan Khan & Another, 26/09/2017.  

  Praveen Versus The State of Maharashtra, 26/09/2017.  

  Francies D'souza Versus The State of Goa Through Police Inspector, 26/09/2017.  

  Dhansing & Others Versus The State of Maharashtra Others, 25/09/2017.  

  Mahmood Farooqui Versus State (Govt of NCT of Delhi), 25/09/2017.  

  Kutchi Lal Rameshwar Ashram Trust Evam Anna Kshetra Trust thr. Velji Devshi Patel Versus Collector, Haridwar & Others, 22/09/2017.  

  Zabarsingh Pilya Bhilala Versus State of Maharashtra, 22/09/2017.  

  Houslal Lakhanlal Macchrike Versus The State of Maharashtra, 22/09/2017.  

  D. Karunakaran & Another Versus State rep. By Inspector of Police, Vigilance & Anti Corruption Unit, Puducherry, 22/09/2017.  

  State Bank of India, Administrative Unit, Visakhapatnam, Rep. by its Assistant General Manager (Admn.) Versus The A.P. State Commission for SCs and STs, Rep. by its Secretary, 22/09/2017.  

  Patina Gold Ornaments Pvt. Ltd. Versus The Assistant Commissioner (CT), Park Road Circle, Erode & Another, 22/09/2017.  

  Sudhakar Versus The State of Maharashtra, Through the P.S.O., 22/09/2017.  

  Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences Versus Medical Council of India & Others, 21/09/2017.  

  Hans Raj @ Bhola Versus State, 21/09/2017.  

  Vatumalli Laxmi Prasanna Versus The State of Telangana, rep. by its Secretary, Revenue (Registration and Stamps) Department, Secretariat & Others, 21/09/2017.  

  Vijender Kumar Sahal Versus Dr. K.S. Verma, 21/09/2017.  

  Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences Versus Medical Council of India & Others, 21/09/2017.  

  Manohar Versus The State of Maharashtra (Through PSO Katol, Dist. Nagpur), 20/09/2017.  

  Abdul Ahad & Others Versus The State of Maharashtra, 20/09/2017.  










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